Complications of percutaneous central venous catheterization: a report of two cases and review of the literature.

Abstract

Percutaneous catheterization of the central venous system is a valuable and commonly employed procedure, but it is not without risk. Two cases are reported which illustrate complications of both internal jugular and subclavian vein cannulation: a fatal cerebrovascular accident; and hemo- and pneumothorax. Literature review indicates that pneumothorax and air embolus are major complications of both routes of catheter insertion. Additionally each route has untoward effects related to the proximity of easily compromised structures (pleura, lungs, arteries, nerves). Awareness of potential complications and use of precautionary measures may reduce the risk of these procedures.

Statistics

0100200300'82'85'89'93'97'01'05'09'13'17
Citations per Year

1,092 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 1,092 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Mcgoon1979ComplicationsOP, title={Complications of percutaneous central venous catheterization: a report of two cases and review of the literature.}, author={M Mcgoon and Pasquale W Benedetto and B M Greene}, journal={The Johns Hopkins medical journal}, year={1979}, volume={145 1}, pages={1-6} }