Complications of Regional Anesthesia

@inproceedings{Finucane1999ComplicationsOR,
  title={Complications of Regional Anesthesia},
  author={B. Finucane},
  year={1999}
}
Regional AnesthesiaSafety.- Outcome Studies Comparing Regional and General Anesthesia.- Avoiding Complications in Regional Anesthesia.- Local Anesthetic Toxicity.- Mechanisms of Neurologic Complications with Peripheral Nerve Blocks.- Complications of Ophthalmic Regional Anesthesia.- Complications of Paravertebral, Intercostal Nerve Blocks and Interpleural Analgesia.- Complications of Brachial Plexus Anesthesia.- Complications Associated with Spinal Anesthesia.- Complications of Epidural… Expand

Topics from this paper

Pediatric nerve blocks: an evidence-based approach.
TLDR
An evidence-based review summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of peripheral nerve blocks, reviews commonly used local anesthetics, describes the landmark technique for the most common nerve blocks used in pediatric emergency medicine, and presents literature on ultrasound-guided technology. Expand
Anesthesia for foot and ankle surgery.
TLDR
Performance of a peripheral nerve block, or PNB, requires proper training, equipment, and support personnel in order to handle any and all complications, including general anesthesia. Expand
Neurologic complication following spinal epidural anesthesia in a patient with spinal intradural extramedullary tumor.
TLDR
A 66-year-old female who developed paraplegia after left knee surgery for osteoarthritis under spinal epidural anesthesia is reported, showing a spinal thoracic intradural extramedullary (IDEM) tumor. Expand
Complications of regional anaesthesia
TLDR
The emphasis must be on avoidance and prevention of serious complications, and every department should have risk management plans both for individual practitioners and for the wider staff groups who are responsible for caring for patients undergoing regional anaesthesia. Expand
Nurse Practitioner‐Administered Chloroprocaine in Children with Postoperative Pain
TLDR
Chloroprocaine injections appear to be useful to evaluate functionality of peripheral nerve and epidural catheters after surgery in a pediatric population. Expand
The indications and applications of interscalene brachial plexus block for surgery about the shoulder
TLDR
ISBPB is a safe and effective regional anesthetic technique with rapidly developing applications aimed to improve postoperative analgesia following surgery of the proximal upper limb. Expand
Complications of Regional Anaesthesia
Many of the complications of regional anaesthesia are relatively minor, easily managed and temporary in nature. however, serious and perman­ ent damage does occur, although the incidence of seriousExpand
The Incidence of Spinal Anesthetic Complications: A Case Study in Kosumpisai Hospital, During the Year 2009-2011
TLDR
The most common complication was bradycardia, which was found in 19 patients from 236 patients, and the high level of anesthesia increased the incidence of complication. Expand
The role of epidural neostigmine in postoperative analgesia
TLDR
It is concluded that postoperative epidural neostigmine in dose of 10 ug/kg, can provide a good postoperative analgesia, without side effect, when added to lidocaine and produces a longer duration of analgesia than lidocane alone. Expand
Comparison of three techniques for paravertebral brachial plexus blockade in dogs.
TLDR
Success rates were low and complication rates were relatively high, based on staining, with the three techniques of paravertebral brachial plexus blockade (PBPB) in dogs, according to this study. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 146 REFERENCES
The safety and efficacy of combined spinal and epidural analgesia/anesthesia (6,002 blocks) in a community hospital.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that CSE labor analgesia, surgical anesthesia are safe and efficacious and patient observation and continuous pulse oximetry for 1–2 hours after administration of ITS and prompt treatment with intravenous naloxone for severe drowsiness, low oxygen saturation, or dysphagia should be used to minimize the risk of apnea. Expand
Long-term Brachial Plexus Anesthesia Using a Subcutaneous Implantable Injection System: Case Report
TLDR
The placement of an axillary catheter connected to a port for the self-administration of local anesthesia to provide brachial plexus anesthesia in a 43-year-old woman suffering from sympathetically maintained pain resulted in complete pain relief without motor impairment of the arm. Expand
Low‐Dose Bupivacaine‐Fentanyl Spinal Anesthesia for Cesarean Delivery
TLDR
Bupivacaine 5 mg + fentanyl 25 μg provided spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery with less hypotension, vasopressor requirements, and nausea than spinal anesthesia with 10 mg bupvacaine. Expand
Intrathecal Opioids Versus Epidural Local Anesthetics for Labor Analgesia: A Meta-Analysis
TLDR
A meta-analysis compared the analgesic efficacy, side effects, and obstetric outcome of single-injection intrathecal opioid techniques versus epidural local anesthetics in laboring women to suggest that intratheCal opioids provide comparable analgesia with few serious side effects. Expand
Comparison of continuous thoracic epidural and paravertebral blocks for postoperative analgesia after minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass surgery.
TLDR
PVB is as effective as TEA for postoperative analgesia after MIDCAB surgery and may be safer than TEA because no complications were seen in the PVB group. Expand
Epidemiology and Morbidity of Regional Anesthesia in Children: A One-Year Prospective Survey of the French-Language Society of Pediatric Anesthesiologists
TLDR
The safety of regional anesthesia in children of all ages is established and complications are rare and minor as they occur most often in the operating room and are readily managed by experienced anesthesiologists with resuscitative equipment at hand. Expand
Caudal Anesthesia in Pediatric Surgery: Success Rate and Adverse Effects in 750 Consecutive Patients
TLDR
Caudal anesthesia is a reliable and safe technique in young children and long‐lasting postoperative pain relief was usually obtained, and there were no major complications or neurological sequelae. Expand
Irreversible Conduction Block in Isolated Nerve by High Concentrations of Local Anesthetics
TLDR
The uptake by and washout of radiolabeled lidocaine from the nerves indicate that the maximum amount of residual drug after 2–4 min of exposure to 5% lidocane and a 3-h wash should cause at most only 50% conduction block. Expand
Continuous spinal anesthesia and analgesia
TLDR
Continuous spinal anesthesia is used especially in elderly people for surgery of the lower extremities and abdomen and also for postoperative pain relief with a combination of opioids and bupivacaine. Expand
Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular approach for regional anesthesia of the brachial plexus.
TLDR
An ultrasonography-guided approach for supraclavicular block combines the safety of axillary block with the larger extent of block of the suprAClavicular approach to investigate the effect on success rate and frequency of complications. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...