Complications associated with use of levamisole-contaminated cocaine: an emerging public health challenge.

@article{Lee2012ComplicationsAW,
  title={Complications associated with use of levamisole-contaminated cocaine: an emerging public health challenge.},
  author={Kachiu Cecilia Lee and Barry Ladizinski and Daniel Glenn Federman},
  journal={Mayo Clinic proceedings},
  year={2012},
  volume={87 6},
  pages={
          581-6
        }
}
Levamisole is an immunomodulatory agent that was used to treat various cancers before being withdrawn from the United States market in 2000 because of adverse effects. Levamisole is currently approved as an antihelminthic agent in veterinary medicine, but is also being used illicitly as a cocaine adulterant. Potential complications associated with use of levamisole-laced cocaine include neutropenia, agranulocytosis, arthralgias, retiform purpura, and skin necrosis. Treatment is primarily… CONTINUE READING
BETA

Citations

Publications citing this paper.
SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 CITATIONS

References

Publications referenced by this paper.
SHOWING 1-10 OF 43 REFERENCES

Levamisole as a contaminant of illicit cocaine

  • SR Morley, JC Hall, ARW Forrest, JH. Galloway
  • J Clandestine Lab Invest Chemists Assoc
  • 2006
Highly Influential
3 Excerpts

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…