Complications associated with the use of indwelling epidural catheters in dogs: 81 cases (1996-1999).

@article{Swalander2000ComplicationsAW,
  title={Complications associated with the use of indwelling epidural catheters in dogs: 81 cases (1996-1999).},
  author={D B Swalander and Dot Crowe and D H Hittenmiller and Peter Jahn},
  journal={Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association},
  year={2000},
  volume={216 3},
  pages={368-70}
}
OBJECTIVE To evaluate complications associated with use of indwelling epidural catheters in dogs in a clinical setting. DESIGN Retrospective clinical study. ANIMALS 81 client-owned dogs. PROCEDURE Medical records were reviewed for dogs in which a 19-gauge epidural catheter was placed percutaneously at L7-S1 and advanced to the point of maximum efficacy for pain control (between L7 and T4, depending on the procedure). Catheters were used to provide perioperative epidural analgesia during… CONTINUE READING