Compliance of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol in the first commitment period

@article{Shishlov2016ComplianceOT,
  title={Compliance of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol in the first commitment period},
  author={Igor Shishlov and Romain Morel and Valentin Bellassen},
  journal={Climate Policy},
  year={2016},
  volume={16},
  pages={768 - 782}
}
This article provides an ex post analysis of the compliance of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol during the first commitment period (2008–2012) based on the final data for national GHG emissions and exchanges in carbon units that became available at the end of 2015. On the domestic level, among the 36 countries that fully participated in the Kyoto Protocol, only nine countries emitted higher levels of GHGs than committed and therefore had to resort to flexibility mechanisms. On the… 
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