Complexity of Coupled Human and Natural Systems

  title={Complexity of Coupled Human and Natural Systems},
  author={Jianguo Liu and Thomas Dietz and Stephen R. Carpenter and Marina Alberti and Carl Folke and Emilio Moran and Alice N. Pell and Peter J. Deadman and Timothy K. Kratz and Jane Lubchenco and E. Ostrom and Zhiyun Ouyang and William Provencher and Charles L. Redman and Stephen Henry Schneider and William W. Taylor},
  pages={1513 - 1516}
Integrated studies of coupled human and natural systems reveal new and complex patterns and processes not evident when studied by social or natural scientists separately. Synthesis of six case studies from around the world shows that couplings between human and natural systems vary across space, time, and organizational units. They also exhibit nonlinear dynamics with thresholds, reciprocal feedback loops, time lags, resilience, heterogeneity, and surprises. Furthermore, past couplings have… 
Coupled Human and Natural Systems
Untangling complexities, such as reciprocal effects and emergent properties, can lead to novel scientific discoveries and is essential to developing effective policies for ecological and socioeconomic sustainability.
Integrating social science into empirical models of coupled human and natural systems
Coupled human and natural systems (CHANS) research highlights reciprocal interactions (or feedbacks) between biophysical and socioeconomic variables to explain system dynamics and resilience.
Cross-Site Synthesis of Complexity in Coupled Human and Natural Systems
Coupled human and natural systems (CHANS) are integrated systems in which human and natural components, including wildlife, interact with each other (Liu et al., 2007a; Chapter 2). Previous chapters
Explanation and Intervention in Coupled Human and Natural Systems
“Coupled human and natural systems” (CHANS) has emerged within the last two decades as a designation for interdisciplinary research focused on complex interactions between human activities and
Adapting to the Challenges of International and Interdisciplinary Research of Coupled Human and Natural Systems
We examine the collaborative practices of an interdisciplinary research team working across Cameroon and the United States to study the dynamics of a floodplain fishery as a coupled social-ecological
New Perspectives on the Dynamics of Coupled Human and Natural Systems (CHANS)
Les Kaufman is a Pardee Center Faculty Associate and a Professor in the Department of Biology and the Boston University Marine Program (BUMP). An evolutionary ecologist, he explores what drives the
Causal inference in coupled human and natural systems
To examine the relevance of interference in CHANS, a stylized simulation of a marine CHANS with shocks that can represent policy interventions, ecological disturbances, and technological disasters is developed.
Coupled Human and Natural Cube: A novel framework for analyzing the multiple interactions between humans and nature
The theoretical connotation of coupled human and natural systems (CHANS) and their four dimensions—space, time, appearance, and organization, and a novel framework: “Coupled Human and Natural Cube” (CHNC) to explain the coupling mechanism between humans and the natural environment are extended.


Exploring Complexity in a Human–Environment System: An Agent-Based Spatial Model for Multidisciplinary and Multiscale Integration
Abstract Traditional approaches to studying human–environment interactions often ignore individual-level information, do not account for complexities, or fail to integrate cross-scale or
The Effects of Urban Patterns on Ecosystem Function
Urban ecological systems are characterized by complex interactions among social, economic, institutional, and environmental variables. These interactions generate complex human-dominated landscapes,
Thresholds in Ecological and Social–Ecological Systems: a Developing Database
A developing database established to address the need for research on a typology of thresholds is described, which comprises a set of summarized published examples and a searchable bibliographic database of publications on the topic.
Perspectives on the long-term dynamics of lakes in the landscape
Abstract Lakes are valued as a part of our “sense of place” at a very local and personal level. Yet protecting a treasured lake from unwanted change increasingly requires that we address long-term
Fragile Dominion: Complexity and the Commons
* Biodiversity and Our Lives: A Cautionary Tale * The Nature of Environment * Six Fundamental Questions * Patterns in Nature * Ecological Assembly * The Evolution of Biodiversity * On Form and
Resilience, Adaptive Capacity, and the “Lock-in Trap” of the Western Australian Agricultural Region
Using the Western Australian (WA) agricultural region as an example of a large-scale social-ecological system (SES), this paper applies a framework based on resilience theory to examine the region's
Ecology for transformation.
Shooting the Rapids: Navigating Transitions to Adaptive Governance of Social-Ecological Systems
The case studies of Kristianstads Vattenrike, Sweden; the Northern Highlands Lake District and the Everglades in the USA; the Mae Nam Ping Basin, Thailand; and the Goulburn-Broken Catchment,