Complexity of Coupled Human and Natural Systems

  title={Complexity of Coupled Human and Natural Systems},
  author={Jianguo Liu and Thomas Dietz and Stephen R. Carpenter and Marina Alberti and Carl Folke and Emilio Moran and Alice N. Pell and Peter J. Deadman and Timothy K. Kratz and Jane Lubchenco and Elinor Ostrom and Zhiyun Ouyang and William Provencher and Charles Redman and Stephen Henry Schneider and William W. Taylor},
  pages={1513 - 1516}
Integrated studies of coupled human and natural systems reveal new and complex patterns and processes not evident when studied by social or natural scientists separately. Synthesis of six case studies from around the world shows that couplings between human and natural systems vary across space, time, and organizational units. They also exhibit nonlinear dynamics with thresholds, reciprocal feedback loops, time lags, resilience, heterogeneity, and surprises. Furthermore, past couplings have… Expand

Topics from this paper

Structure, function, and dynamic mechanisms of coupled human–natural systems
The progress made in CHANS research is reviewed and a general framework to better understand them is developed and Matching the anthropological and ecological scales can increase the likelihood of sustainable operation of the coupled system. Expand
Coupled Human and Natural Systems
Untangling complexities, such as reciprocal effects and emergent properties, can lead to novel scientific discoveries and is essential to developing effective policies for ecological and socioeconomic sustainability. Expand
Integrating social science into empirical models of coupled human and natural systems
Coupled human and natural systems (CHANS) research highlights reciprocal interactions (or feedbacks) between biophysical and socioeconomic variables to explain system dynamics and resilience.Expand
The Multiscale Integrated Model of Ecosystem Services (MIMES): Simulating the interactions of coupled human and natural systems
How MIMES methodologies were developed in association with three case studies: a global application, a watershed model, and a marine application are described and compared to other broadly used ecosystem service assessment tools. Expand
Cross-Site Synthesis of Complexity in Coupled Human and Natural Systems
Coupled human and natural systems (CHANS) are integrated systems in which human and natural components, including wildlife, interact with each other (Liu et al., 2007a; Chapter 2). Previous chaptersExpand
Explanation and Intervention in Coupled Human and Natural Systems
“Coupled human and natural systems” (CHANS) has emerged within the last two decades as a designation for interdisciplinary research focused on complex interactions between human activities andExpand
Adapting to the Challenges of International and Interdisciplinary Research of Coupled Human and Natural Systems
We examine the collaborative practices of an interdisciplinary research team working across Cameroon and the United States to study the dynamics of a floodplain fishery as a coupled social-ecologicalExpand
Causal inference in coupled human and natural systems
To examine the relevance of interference in CHANS, a stylized simulation of a marine CHANS with shocks that can represent policy interventions, ecological disturbances, and technological disasters is developed. Expand
Coupled Human and Natural Cube: A novel framework for analyzing the multiple interactions between humans and nature
The theoretical connotation of coupled human and natural systems (CHANS) and their four dimensions—space, time, appearance, and organization, and a novel framework: “Coupled Human and Natural Cube” (CHNC) to explain the coupling mechanism between humans and the natural environment are extended. Expand
Synthesis of human-nature feedbacks
In today’s globalized world, humans and nature are inextricably linked. The coupled human and natural systems (CHANS) framework provides a lens with which to understand such complex interactions. OneExpand


The globalization of socio-ecological systems: An agenda for scientific research
Abstract We argue that globalization is a central feature of coupled human–environment systems or, as we call them, socio-ecological systems (SESs). In this article, we focus on the effects ofExpand
Abstract The resilience perspective is increasingly used as an approach for understanding the dynamics of social–ecological systems. This article presents the origin of the resilience perspective andExpand
Climate Change and Society
This article traces the long intellectual history that seeks to understand the recursive relationship between variations in the Earth's climate and variations in social structure and culturalExpand
Exploring Complexity in a Human–Environment System: An Agent-Based Spatial Model for Multidisciplinary and Multiscale Integration
Abstract Traditional approaches to studying human–environment interactions often ignore individual-level information, do not account for complexities, or fail to integrate cross-scale orExpand
The Effects of Urban Patterns on Ecosystem Function
Urban ecological systems are characterized by complex interactions among social, economic, institutional, and environmental variables. These interactions generate complex human-dominated landscapes,Expand
Thresholds in Ecological and Social–Ecological Systems: a Developing Database
A developing database established to address the need for research on a typology of thresholds is described, which comprises a set of summarized published examples and a searchable bibliographic database of publications on the topic. Expand
Perspectives on the long-term dynamics of lakes in the landscape
Abstract Lakes are valued as a part of our “sense of place” at a very local and personal level. Yet protecting a treasured lake from unwanted change increasingly requires that we address long-termExpand
Fragile Dominion: Complexity and the Commons
* Biodiversity and Our Lives: A Cautionary Tale * The Nature of Environment * Six Fundamental Questions * Patterns in Nature * Ecological Assembly * The Evolution of Biodiversity * On Form andExpand
Resilience, Adaptive Capacity, and the “Lock-in Trap” of the Western Australian Agricultural Region
Using the Western Australian (WA) agricultural region as an example of a large-scale social-ecological system (SES), this paper applies a framework based on resilience theory to examine the region'sExpand
Ecology for transformation.
Ecology should help formulate positive, plausible visions for relationships of society and ecosystems that can potentially sustain ecosystem services for long periods of time, as discussed here. Expand