Complexity Theory and Organization Science

  title={Complexity Theory and Organization Science},
  author={G{\'e}rard P. Cachon and Paul H. Zipkin and Philip T. Anderson},
  journal={Organization Science},
Complex organizations exhibit surprising, nonlinear behavior. Although organization scientists have studied complex organizations for many years, a developing set of conceptual and computational tools makes possible new approaches to modeling nonlinear interactions within and between organizations. Complex adaptive system models represent a genuinely new way of simplifying the complex. They are characterized by four key elements: agents with schemata, self-organizing networks sustained by… Expand
Essays in Social Theory
Complex organizations exhibit surprising. nonlinear behavior. Although organization scientists have studied complex organitations for many years. a dcvelopi ng set of conceptual and computationalExpand
Evolution of Organizational Adaptability: Application of Hexie Management Theory
This paper simulates the effect of Hexie management theory on individual behavior and the emergence adaptation of the whole organization and shows that the Xie principle can get the organization to the better optimization by local search and the coupling of He principle and Xie principle appears strong adaptive capability under complex and turbulent task environments. Expand
Coevolutionary dynamics and agent-based models in organization science
  • B. Tivnan
  • Computer Science
  • Proceedings of the Winter Simulation Conference, 2005.
  • 2005
An overview of the literature for each element of the preceding logical progression is provided and a discussion of the applications of agent-based models to instantiate coevolutionary dynamics is discussed. Expand
- 1-A simulation model for organizational evolution
In today’s ever-changing and complicated environment, organization faces a difficult challenge. The keys to success in an organization lie in its flexibility, creativity, and ability to learn. ThisExpand
Exploring the Nature of Order Generating Rules
The nature of such (organizational) order generating rules and the ways in which they shape transformation processes are explored, and rules are considered in terms of how they arise as well as their objects. Expand
A Novel Reengineering Methodology for Organizations as Complex Adaptive Systems
Establishing coherent relationship between an organization, its customers and suppliers needs structural and behavioral patterns within proper processes that make the interrelation with theExpand
A Structural Complexity Perspective for Understanding Value Networks
  • Ying Ki Kwong, R. Harmon
  • Computer Science
  • PICMET '07 - 2007 Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering & Technology
  • 2007
This presentation will review different ways for characterizing complexity, emphasizing organizational complexity and its dynamical consequences near equilibrium and far away from equilibrium, and summarizing the implications of this framework to strategy formation and strategic planning in corporate food chains for global technology or technology-enabled markets. Expand
Although Hierarchies and Markets Complex Evolving Systems Linux Case Study Heterarchies and Coordination Processes
autonomy) have been subject to extensive study, heterarchies represent different modalities of organizing that have been little researched. Drawing on complexity theory and the main features ofExpand
Chaos theory as a model for interpreting information systems in organizations
It is concluded that concepts from chaos theory offer valuable support in developing a coherent and meaningful story concerning interactions between information systems and their host organizations. Expand
Leadership and the choice of order: Complexity and hierarchical perspectives near the edge of chaos
Abstract This conceptual article critically examines the view that, in complex adaptive systems (CAS), organizations are moved toward the edge of chaos and will exhibit “order for free” behaviors.Expand


Through the Looking Glass of Complexity: the Dynamics of Organizations As Adaptive and Evolving Systems
It is suggested that the immediate benefits of CST may be as a framework that facilitates conceptual elaborations and encourages formal modeling; both activities may provide fresh and deep insights into organizational phenomena. Expand
Computational and mathematical organization theory: Perspective and directions
There is increased activity in the subareas of organizations and information technology and organizational evolution and change, which may be made possible by combining network analysis techniques with an information processing approach to organizations. Expand
Chaos Theory and Organization
Many authors have stressed the existence of continuous processes of convergence and divergence, stability and instability, evolution and revolution in every organization. This article argues thatExpand
Adaptation on rugged landscapes
A simple model is developed to explore the interrelationship between processes of organizational level change and population selection forces. A critical property of the model is that the effect onExpand
Computationally modeling organizational learning and adaptability as resource allocation: An artificial adaptive systems approach
A framework for and a computational model of organizational behavior based on an artificial adaptive system (AAS) is presented that enables organizational decision making in a dynamic environment to be modeled as a satisficing process and not as a maximization process. Expand
The Coevolution of New Organizational Forms
This paper outlines an alternative theory of organization-environment coevolution that generalizes a model of organization adaptation first proposed by March (1991), linking firm-level explorationExpand
Intraorganizational Ecology of Strategy Making and Organizational Adaptation: Theory and Field Research
This paper presents an intraorganizational ecological perspective on strategy making, and examines how internal selection may combine with external selection to explain organizational change andExpand
Avoiding Complexity Catastrophe in Coevolutionary Pockets: Strategies for Rugged Landscapes
Can firms and coevolutionary groups suffer from too much interdependent complexity? Is complexity theory an alternative explanation to competitive selection for the emergent order apparent inExpand
Hidden Order: How Adaptation Builds Complexity.
  • J. Koza
  • Computer Science
  • Artificial Life
  • 1995
All of these existing systems are computationally expensive and deliver little in the way of important emergent phenomena in relation to the amount of computational effort expended; it may actually preclude emergence of important phenomena that can only materialize in the presence of certain minimum amounts of time or matter. Expand
Artificial Adaptive Agents in Economic Theory
Economic analysis has largely avoided questions about the way in which economic agents make choices when confronted by a perpetually novel and evolving world. As a result, there are outstandingExpand