Complex regional pain syndrome in children: incidence and clinical characteristics

@article{AbuArafeh2016ComplexRP,
  title={Complex regional pain syndrome in children: incidence and clinical characteristics},
  author={Hashem Abu-Arafeh and Ishaq Abu-Arafeh},
  journal={Archives of Disease in Childhood},
  year={2016},
  volume={101},
  pages={719 - 723}
}
Objective To study the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) in children. Patients and methods All children and adolescents under 16 years of age with a new diagnosis of CRPS who were reported to the Scottish Paediatric Surveillance Unit were included. Patients’ recruitment ran between 1 November 2011 and 31 October 2015. Information was collected on patients’ demography, clinical features, investigations, management and impact of disease on child… 
Complex regional pain syndrome in children: a systematic review of clinical features and movement disorders.
AIM To ascertain clinical features of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) in children with a focus on movement disorders. METHODS all publications with original data on children with CRPS were
Clinical Features of Pediatric Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
TLDR
In this cohort, pediatric CRPS was most common in girls around the age of 12, usually in the lower extremity, and most experienced a favorable outcome, and further research is needed to better understand the prognosis and relapse rate of pediatricCRPS.
Children and Adolescents with CRPS
TLDR
There is a great need for more high-quality evidence in the treatment of pediatric CRPS, and there is not good evidence to support the use of medications in pediatricCRPS.
A mysterious case of complex regional pain syndrome in a 9-year-old girl
TLDR
The case report illustrates that peripheral nerve compression or injuries specifically, complex regional pain syndrome type II, should be taken into consideration when evaluating children with weakness and pain of the lower or upper limb.
The Pharmacological Management of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in Pediatric Patients
TLDR
The current evidence for the treatment of complex regional pain syndrome in children, with particular reference to pharmacological management, is reviewed.
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in Athletes: Scoping Review
TLDR
A review of the available literature suggests a higher prevalence of CRPS type 1 in younger people and in lower limbs than in general population but confirms the higher prevalence in females.
Sensory Function and Psychological Factors in Children With Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1
TLDR
Assessment of thermal-sensory thresholds and psychosocial factors in children with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1 compared to healthy children found that pain duration is an important factor in assessing pediatric CRPS-I.
Successful Multimodal Treatment for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in an Adolescent with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Case Report.
TLDR
The successful outcome of this case highlights the importance of early recognition of CRPS in the adolescent population and the need for a multimodal intensive treatment regimen to prevent the development of chronic pain and loss of limb function.
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: An Introduction
TLDR
Complex regional pain syndrome is a chronic pain condition that usually follows minor extremity trauma and is characterized by sensory, vasomotor, sudomotor, and motor/trophic changes and suggests a transition from peripheral to central mechanisms over time.
Recovery from acute pediatric complex regional pain syndrome type I after ankle sprain by early pharmacological and physical therapies in primary care: a case report
TLDR
A combination of physical therapy and pharmacological intervention with celecoxib and pregabalin reduced peripheral and central sensitization is suggested for early diagnosis of complex regional pain syndrome type I in a 12-year-old boy.
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References

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Pediatric Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
TLDR
Patient characteristics, clinical course, and treatment outcome of 20 children diagnosed with CRPS at a major children's hospital during a 4-year period showed that pediatric CRPS is under-recognized by clinicians, resulting in diagnostic delays, but has a favorable outcome to noninvasive treatment.
Movement disorders associated with complex regional pain syndrome in children
TLDR
The history, clinical course, treatment, and outcome of movement disorders in children and young people with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) were reviewed, with good prognosis in nearly half of the cases.
The outcome of complex regional pain syndrome type 1: a systematic review.
Short- and long-term outcomes of children with complex regional pain syndrome type I treated with exercise therapy.
TLDR
Intense exercise therapy is effective in initially treating childhood CRPS and is associated with low rate of long-term symptoms or dysfunction.
Children and adolescents with complex regional pain syndrome: more psychologically distressed than other children in pain?
TLDR
As a group, clinic-referred children with CRPS may be more functionally impaired and experience more somatic symptoms compared with children with other pain conditions, however, overall psychological functioning as assessed by self-report appears to be similar to that ofChildren with other chronic pain diagnoses.
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