Complex intersections of race and class: Among social liberals, learning about White privilege reduces sympathy, increases blame, and decreases external attributions for White people struggling with poverty.

  title={Complex intersections of race and class: Among social liberals, learning about White privilege reduces sympathy, increases blame, and decreases external attributions for White people struggling with poverty.},
  author={Erin Cooley and Jazmin L. Brown-Iannuzzi and Ryan F. Lei and William Cipolli},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. General},
White privilege lessons are sometimes used to increase awareness of racism. However, little research has investigated the consequences of these lessons. Across 2 studies (N = 1,189), we hypothesized that White privilege lessons may both highlight structural privilege based on race, and simultaneously decrease sympathy for other challenges some White people endure (e.g., poverty)-especially among social liberals who may be particularly receptive to structural explanations of inequality. Indeed… 
Liberals perceive more racism than conservatives when police shoot Black men—But, reading about White privilege increases perceived racism, and shifts attributions of guilt, regardless of political ideology
Abstract Across two studies, we examined how ideological differences in perceptions of racism influenced non-Black people's perceptions of violent encounters between police officers and Black men. In
Black people are convicted more for being black than for being poor: The role of social norms and cultural prejudice on biased racial judgments
It is proposed that belonging to a lower social class facilitates the conviction of black targets and that this phenomenon is because information about social class dissimulates racial bias.
Equality for (almost) all: Egalitarian advocacy predicts lower endorsement of sexism and racism, but not ageism.
It is argued that egalitarian advocacy predicts greater likelihood to support "Succession"-based ageism, and suggests that when it comes to egalitarianism, equality for all may only mean equality for some.
The “Undeserving” Narrative in Child and Family Social Work and How It Is Perpetuated by “Progressive Neoliberalism”: Ideas for Social Work Education
“Progressive neoliberalism” is the current hegemonic approach to understanding social justice in Western liberal democracies. “Progressive neoliberalism” also resurrects the “deserving” vs.
Resistance as Sacrifice: Towards an Ascetic Antiracism
Often described as an outcome, inequality is better understood as a social process – a function of how institutions are structured and reproduced, and the ways people act and interact within them
Developing Social Empathy With Higher Education
  • P. Olt
  • Psychology
    The Proper Role of Higher Education in a Democratic Society
  • 2021
The purposes of this chapter are to demonstrate the need for social empathy in a democratic society, identify polarization barriers, and explore how American higher education can be a leading agent
The Relationship Between System Justification and Perspective-Taking and Empathy
  • Z. Li, J. Edwards
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Personality & social psychology bulletin
  • 2020
Four studies tested the hypotheses that system-justifying beliefs will be negatively associated with perspective-taking (PT) and empathic concern (EC) and this negative relationship will be
No family left behind: Flexibility i-deals for employees with stigmatized family identities
Most contemporary employers offer some policies to facilitate work-family (WF) balance for their employees. However, do the policies designed to help everyone suffice for unique employees with stig...


Not Quite White: White Trash and the Boundaries of Whiteness
White trash . The phrase conjures up images of dirty rural folk who are poor, ignorant, violent, and incestuous. But where did this stigmatizing phrase come from? And why do these stereotypes
Racial Attitudes and Opposition to Welfare
This article examines the role of racial attitudes in shaping white Americans' opposition to welfare. Past research on welfare views has focused on economic self-interest, individualism, and
The origins of symbolic racism.
It is found that the anti-Black affect and individualism significantly explain symbolic racism, and Black individualism is distinctively racial, with effects distinctly different from either an analogous gender individualism or race-neutral individualism.
Shifting Stereotypes of Welfare Recipients Can Reverse Racial Biases in Support for Wealth Redistribution
When people imagine welfare recipients, research indicates that they often imagine lazy, Black Americans who are perpetually dependent on government assistance. In the present work, we investigate
Americans misperceive racial economic equality
It is found that Americans, on average, systematically overestimate the extent to which society has progressed toward racial economic equality, driven largely by overestimates of current racial equality.
Wealthy Whites and poor Blacks: Implicit associations between racial groups and wealth predict explicit opposition toward helping the poor
Abstract The current research investigates whether automatic associations between race and social class predict deliberative attitudes toward wealth redistribution policies. In three studies, we
A Decade of System Justification Theory: Accumulated Evidence of Conscious and Unconscious Bolstering of the Status Quo
Most theories in social and political psychology stress self-interest, intergroup conflict, ethnocentrism, homophily, ingroup bias, outgroup antipathy, dominance, and resistance. System justification
White Guilt: Its Antecedents and Consequences for Attitudes Toward Affirmative Action
Four studies examine the strength of feelings of White guilt, the relationship between White guilt and possible antecedents to this guilt, and the consequences of White guilt for attitudes toward
Whites See Racism as a Zero-Sum Game That They Are Now Losing
  • M. Norton, Samuel R Sommers
  • Sociology, Medicine
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2011
It is shown that decreases in perceived bias against Blacks over the past six decades are associated with increases in perception of bias against Whites, reflecting Whites’ view of racism as a zero-sum game.
Racism, conservatism, affirmative action, and intellectual sophistication : A matter of principled conservatism or group dominance ?
Using data from 3 different samples, the authors found that: (a) the relationships between political conservatism and racism generally increased as a function ofeducational sophistication; however,