Complex Trauma in Children and Adolescents

@article{Cook2005ComplexTI,
  title={Complex Trauma in Children and Adolescents},
  author={Alexandra B. Cook and Joseph Spinazzola and Julian D. Ford and Cheryl B. Lanktree and Margaret E. Blaustein and Maryl{\`e}ne Cloitre and Ruth DeRosa and Rebecca R. Hubbard and Richard Kagan and Joan Liautaud and Karen Mallah and Erna Olafson and Bessel van der Kolk},
  journal={Psychiatric Annals},
  year={2005},
  volume={35},
  pages={390-398}
}
The present paper highlights seven primary domains of impairment observed in children exposed to complex trauma. These phenomenologically based domains have been identified based on the extant child clinical and research literatures, the adult research on Disorders of Extreme Stress Not Otherwise Specified (Pelcovitz et al, 1997; van der Kolk, Pelcovitz, Roth, Mandel, McFarlane, & Herman, 1996; van der Kolk, Roth, et al., in press), and the combined expertise of the NCTSN Complex Trauma… Expand
Coping with Childhood Trauma and Dissociation in Argentina
Abstract This piece will review two categories of childhood trauma in Argentina. First, the tragedy of the children kidnapped and missing during the last military government in Argentina (1976–1983).Expand
Evidence Based Trauma Treatment for Children and Youth
Exposure to traumatic events and experiences does not discriminate against age, gender or race. Though not all children and youth exposed to trauma experience difficulty, many experience significantExpand
Complex trauma.
TLDR
The investigators describe family-related and system-related issues, assessment strategies, diagnostic challenges, and clinical intervention options surrounding the prevalence, causes, and phenomenology of complex trauma in children and adolescents. Expand
Clinical Perspective Addressing childhood trauma in a developmental context
With the anticipated publication of the DSM-5 in May 2013, much reflection and work has been done on reviewing existing psychiatric nomenclature including, but not limited to the field of traumaticExpand
Empirical support for the definition of a complex trauma event in children and adolescents.
TLDR
Results indicated that child survivors of complex trauma presented with higher levels of generalized behavior problems and trauma-related symptoms than those who experienced acute noninterpersonal trauma, chronic interpersonal trauma that begins later in life, and (c) acute interpersonal trauma. Expand
Clinical Considerations in Assessing Trauma and PTSD in Adolescents
The developmental tasks and underlying neurobiological development associated with adolescence result in high rates of traumatization and posttraumatic stress disorder for this age group. AlthoughExpand
Examining the Complex Trauma Definition Using Children’s Self-Reports
The purpose of the present study was to examine the evidence for the complex trauma definition in children, utilizing children’s self-reported trauma-related symptoms. Two hundred and twelve childrenExpand
The Influence of Trauma Exposure on Children’s Outcomes
TLDR
This chapter discusses the developmental sequelae of trauma exposure across neurobiological, physical health and motor, cognitive-academic, language, social-emotional, and mental health domains, and briefly explores the implications of the impact of trauma Exposure on school-based interventions for affected children. Expand
Assessing Child and Adolescent Complex Traumatic Stress Reactions
Children and adolescents exposed to traumatic stressors may develop severe and persistent complex traumatic stress reactions. A framework for conceptualizing and assessing children’s and adolescents’Expand
PTSD in Children and Adolescents
TLDR
The history of PTSD, common symptomatology among children and adolescents diagnosed with PTSD, issues in diagnosing PTSD inChildren and adolescents, and lastly, trauma’s impact on development are reviewed. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 93 REFERENCES
Handbook for Treatment of Attachment-Trauma Problems in Children
Attachment Disorder occurs when a child has difficulty establishing new attachments if old ones are severely disrupted, and it is typically seen in victims of various types of trauma. This text seeksExpand
Posttraumatic stress disorder in children. The influence of developmental factors.
TLDR
It is proposed that a cognitive theory of childhood PTSD needs to accommodate developmental factors, including knowledge, language development, memory, emotion regulation, and social cognition, in addition to contextual factors such as family interactions. Expand
Phenomenology and psychological assessment of complex posttraumatic states.
TLDR
The authors offer a framework for the assessment of psychological responses associated with exposure to early onset, multiple, or extended traumatic stressors, and specific recommendations for use of various generic and trauma-specific child and adult measures are provided. Expand
The neurobiology of childhood trauma and abuse
TLDR
The task of therapy is to help these children develop a sense of physical mastery and awareness of who they are and what has happened to them to learn to observe what is happening in present time and physically respond to current demands instead of recreating the traumatic past behaviorally, emotionally, and biologically. Expand
Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Children and Adolescents
This article reviews the four major components of trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for children and adolescents: exposure, cognitive processing and reframing, stress management, andExpand
Disorders of extreme stress: The empirical foundation of a complex adaptation to trauma.
TLDR
Children and adults exposed to chronic interpersonal trauma consistently demonstrate psychological disturbances that are not captured in the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis, and these data invite further exploration of what constitutes effective treatment of the full spectrum of posttraumatic psychopathology. Expand
Posttraumatic Child Therapy (P-TCT)
This article discusses the adverse health effects of political terror and community violence on the minds and bodies of children, posttraumatic symptoms and responses to violence, a prescribedExpand
Complex PTSD: A syndrome in survivors of prolonged and repeated trauma.
This paper reviews the evidence for the existence of a complex form of post-traumatic disorder in survivors of prolonged, repeated trauma. This syndrome is currently under consideration for inclusionExpand
The effects of family and community violence on children.
TLDR
This review identifies ways that violence can disrupt typical developmental trajectories through psychobiological effects, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), cognitive consequences, and peer problems. Expand
Treating traumatized children: New insights and creative interventions.
Listening to a small child describe a parent's murder can tax the most seasoned professional. Cases of physical and sexual abuse where trauma was deliberately inflicted can particularly challenge aExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...