Complex Iron Smelting and Prehistoric Culture in Tanzania

  title={Complex Iron Smelting and Prehistoric Culture in Tanzania},
  author={Peter R. Schmidt and Donald Howard Avery},
  pages={1085 - 1089}
Western scientists and students of history have long explaind th iron bloomery process by evidence available from European archeology. Ethnographic, technological, and archeological research into the technological life of the Haya of northwestern Tanzania show that these people and their forebears 1500 to 2000 years ago practiced a highly advanced iron smelting technology based on preheating principles and, as a result, produced carbon steel. This sophisticated technology may have evolved as an… 
The origins of iron metallurgy in Africa : new light on its antiquity, West and Central Africa
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Iron is iron 'til it is rust: Trade and Ecology in the Decline of West African Iron-Smelting
  • C. Goucher
  • History, Environmental Science
    The Journal of African History
  • 1981
Archaeological evidence and historical accounts have been used to examine the impact of trade and ecology on the decline of West African iron industries. Environmental changes including an
Excavations at Jenné-Jeno, Hambarketolo, and Kaniana (Inland Niger Delta, Mali), the 1981 season
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