Complete branchial cleft fistula: diagnosis and surgical management.

Branchial cleft fistulae are rare congenital abnormalities that arise from the abnormal persistence of branchial apparatus remnants. A complete fistula is a tract that has an internal opening and an external opening. Second branchial cleft fistulae pass deep to second arch structures and over third arch structures, in a direction extending from the anterior… (More)