Complete and remarkable reversal of chemoselectivity in [4 + 2] cycloadditions involving electron-poor indoles as dienophiles. Diels-Alder versus hetero-Diels-Alder processes.


The reaction between indole-3-carboxaldehyde 1a or indole-3-glyoxalate 1b and 2,3-dimethylbutadiene under thermal activation leads exclusively to the Diels-Alder cycloadducts resulting from the participation of the indole 2,3-carbon-carbon double bond. The concomitant use of zinc chloride and high pressure (16 kbar) induces the primary cycloadduct to react… (More)