The amino acid sequence of human C1-r b chain hs been determined, from sequence analysis performed on fragments obtained by CNBr cleavage, dilute acid hydrolysis, tryptic cleavage of the succinylated protein, and subcleavages by staphylococcal protease. The polypeptide chain contains 242 amino acids (Mr 27 096), and the sequence shows strong homology with other mammalian serine proteases. The histidine, aspartic acid, and serine residues of the active site (His-57, Asp-102, and Ser-195 in bovine chymotrypsinogen) are located at positions 39, 94, and 191, respectively. The chain which lacks the "histidine-loop" disulfide bridge, contains five half-cystine residues, of which four (positions 157-176 and 187-217) are homologous to residues involved in disulfide bonds generally conserved in serine proteases, whereas the half-cystine residue at position 114 is likely to be involved in the single disulfide bridge connecting the catalytic b chain to the n-terminal a chain. Two carbohydrate moieties are attached to the polypeptide chain, both via asparagine residues at positions 51 and 118.