Complementary and alternative therapies for children and adolescents with ADHD

@article{Bader2012ComplementaryAA,
  title={Complementary and alternative therapies for children and adolescents with ADHD},
  author={Amanda Norell Bader and Andrew Adesman},
  journal={Current Opinion in Pediatrics},
  year={2012},
  volume={24},
  pages={760–769}
}
Purpose of review To provide a comprehensive review of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments for children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Recent findings Many parents of children with ADHD are reluctant to pursue medication options and unable to access behavioral counseling. CAM therapies are often appealing to families and studies show that a large percentage of children with ADHD are treated with one or more CAM therapy. Most research… 
Natural Product-Derived Treatments for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Safety, Efficacy, and Therapeutic Potential of Combination Therapy
TLDR
The risk-benefit balance of natural product-derived ADHD treatments should be carefully monitored when used as standalone treatment or when combined with other conventional ADHD treatments.
Updates on the Use of Natural Treatments for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
TLDR
Current evidence-based complementary and alternative therapies for ADHD are described, focusing on nutritional and botanical agents, and details on the performance of these agents in clinical trials are provided, to highlight safety and efficacy issues associated with the use of these treatments.
What we do not know about ADHD… yet
TLDR
An understanding of the most important current controversies in ADHD research may aid pediatricians in clinical decision making and allow them to counsel patients more effectively.
Effect of Osteopathic Manipulative Therapy in the Attentive Performance of Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
TLDR
Participants who received OMTh had greater improvement in Biancardi-Stroppa Test scores than participants who received conventional care only, suggesting that OMTh can potentially increase performances of selective and sustained attention in children with ADHD.
The Efficacy of Acupuncture Treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
TLDR
It is suggested that AT may be more beneficial than MPH therapy for ADHD patients, however, the evidence may be highly limited, especially considering the outcome of hyperactivity scores with the high risk of bias, very low GRADE, and small number of studies.
Diet and sleep in children and adolescents with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
TLDR
The aim of the present thesis project is to assess the possible relationship between the characteristic and healthy dietary pattern, the Mediterranean diet, and the incidence of ADHD.
Twelve-year retrospective analysis of outpatients with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Shanghai
TLDR
The proportion of clinic attendees with ADHD is gradually declining as non-specialty treatment services expand and other diagnoses become more prominent, but there are encouraging trends of earlier identification and treatment of ADHD and of increasing use of non-pharmacological interventions.
ADHS im Kindes- und Jugendalter. Update 2020
TLDR
This review tries to summarize important research of the last 10 years and to provide an insight into the complexity of the conditions, impact, diagnostics and therapy.
Natural Health Products: Practices, Perceptions and Training Needs of Registered Dietitians
TLDR
It is found that Quebec nutritionists need training on NHPs to provide sound nutritional advice for NHP users and, therefore, should develop a new area of nutritional practice.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 85 REFERENCES
Complementary and alternative medical therapies for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
TLDR
The latest research regarding the most commonly used CAM for children with ADHD is highlighted, which appears to be most effective when prescribed holistically and according to each individual's characteristic symptoms.
Complementary and Alternative Therapies in Childhood Attention and Hyperactivity Problems
TLDR
Because parents often use CAM to treat their child’s attention and hyperactivity problems without their pediatrician's knowledge, pediatricians need to initiate discussions of CAM use with patients and families.
Complementary medicine for children and young people who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
TLDR
There is no proof that complementary medicine provides a better alternative for children who have ADHD than treatments that are currently available within multimodal therapy.
Use of complementary and alternative medicine for symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
TLDR
Use of complementary and alternative medicine among children with ADHD or at risk of having ADHD is described and possible predictors of use of such treatments are explored.
Complementary and alternative medicine use in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • D. Sinha, D. Efron
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of paediatrics and child health
  • 2005
TLDR
The lifetime incidence of CAM use in a clinical sample of children with ADHD was determined and parents’ perceptions of the effectiveness of CAM for ADHD were surveyed.
The Cochrane Library and Non‐Pharmacological Treatments for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents: An Overview of Reviews
TLDR
An overview of reviews examining non-pharmacologic treatments for ADHD in children and adolescents found that there was no significant difference between meditation therapy compared to both drug therapy and standard treatment without drugs for decreasing symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, distractibility or overall symptoms.
Dietary and Nutritional Treatments for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Current Research Support and Recommendations for Practitioners
TLDR
Clinicians can apply the SECS versus RUDE rule: treatments that are Safe, Easy, Cheap, and Sensible (SECS) require less evidence than those that are Risky, Unrealistic, Difficult, or Expensive (RUDE).
The Diet Factor in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
TLDR
A greater attention to the education of parents and children in a healthy dietary pattern, omitting items shown to predispose to ADHD, is perhaps the most promising and practical complementary or alternative treatment of ADHD.
...
...