Competitive Sport, Evaluation Systems, and Just Results: The Case of Rugby Union’s Bonus-Point System

  title={Competitive Sport, Evaluation Systems, and Just Results: The Case of Rugby Union’s Bonus-Point System},
  author={Cesar R. Torres and Peter F. Hager},
  journal={Journal of the Philosophy of Sport},
  pages={208 - 222}
Among their numerous functions, the rules forming and informing sports specify the evaluation system through which value is assigned to goal achievements. Evaluation systems translate goal achievements into uniform, computable, and, therefore, comparable tallies. This is extremely important in competitive sports, in which the addition of these translations is what determines the results of particular contests. Sport-evaluation systems also stipulate the value of the results of particular… Expand
Just Evaluation Systems in Competitive Sport
JOPERD • Volume 78 No. 7 • September 2007 C ompetitive sports are prominent activities in elementary and secondary physical education and interscholastic athletics programs. The fundamental skills ofExpand
The Disappearance of the Perfect 10: Evaluating Rule Changes in Women's Artistic Gymnastics
The 2004 Olympic Games saw a range of judging scandals in the sport of artistic gymnastics that prompted the International Gymnastics Federation to make changes to the sport's judging system.Expand
The impact of professionalisation on elite level rugby union : players' perspective
century it evolved from a folk game played by ruffians to a recreational activity of custom and ritual for public schoolboys (Collins, 2009, Harris, 2010, Smart, 2009). From the 1820s rugbyExpand
Changes in player characteristics and match activities in Bledisloe Cup rugby union from 1972 to 2004
Overall, there have been major changes in international rugby match activities and player size over the past three decades, and law changes and developments in match analysis, equipment technology, and player training have contributed to the changes associated with the introduction of professionalism. Expand
Positional match statistics in Currie Cup and Super Rugby competitions between winning and losing teams
Rugby shows proof of evolution within the professional era due to large contributions from technology and improved training. Evidence of evolution in rugby can be traced through statistics.Expand
The International Association for the Philosophy of Sport
Although cheating in sport would seem to be a relatively straightforward issue, recent discussions have demonstrated its complexity. It is difficult to identify precisely what constitutes cheating asExpand
The Concept of Advantage in Sport
The aim of this paper is to analyse the concept of advantage in sport. Advantage is often referred to in discussions of the philosophy of sport, but only a few analyses of the term exist. SigmundExpand
De-emphasizing Competition in Organized Youth Sport: Misdirected Reforms and Misled Children
Throughout the twentieth century, organized youth sport became an increasingly prevalent childhood experience across Western societies—especially in affluent ones. Millions of children participate inExpand
‘Club versus country’ in rugby union: tensions in an exceptional New Zealand system
In contrast to the global reach and popularity of the association game, rugby union enjoys the position of being the national sport of New Zealand. This position is sustained by an exceptional modelExpand
On the Value and Meaning of Football: Recent Philosophical Perspectives in Latin America
The author <> is with the Dept. of Philosophy, Brooklyn College, City University of New York, Brooklyn, NY 11210. Given the popularity, professionalization, andExpand


Fair Play: The Ethics of Sport
The second edition of Fair Play provides a comprehensive, clear, and philosophically sophisticated treatment of a broad variety of ethical issues in sport. . This long awaited, significantly updatedExpand
Rugby Skills, Tactics and Rules
Rugby Skills, Tactics and Rules is a highly illustrated and straightforward discussion of the key components of rugby union - player positions, tactics needed to win, different kinds of set plays,Expand
Indigestion?: An Apology for Ties
As an object of analysis, ties have been conspicuously absent in the philosophy-of-sport literature. Even though ties are a plausible resolution of most sport contests, they have been confined to theExpand
Fair Play in Sport: A Moral Norm System
Introduction. Part One - Research Area and Research Questions Introduction. Sport Competitions. Fair Play - Background and Definitions. Summary - Research Area. Research Question. Part Two - BasisExpand
Moral Antirealism, Internalism,and Sport
level neither our descriptions nor our normative judgments can make intelligible sense of what they are looking at anymore. And this is precisely what Feezell shows in his Nagelian-friendly analysisExpand
Canadian Figure Skaters, French Judges, and Realism in Sport
N. Dixon is with the Philosophy Department at Alma College, Alma, MI 48801. This article was delivered as the presidential address at the 2002 meeting of the International Association for theExpand
Sports, Relativism, and Moral Education.
  • In Sport Ethics: An Anthology, J. Boxill (Ed.). Malden, MA: Blackwell,
  • 2003
Rorty, Performance-Enhancing Drugs, and Change in Sport
Internalism and Internal Values in Sport
The Inevitability of Disappointment: Reply to Feezell