Competition and Extinction Explain the Evolution of Diversity in American Automobiles

  title={Competition and Extinction Explain the Evolution of Diversity in American Automobiles},
  author={Erik Gjesfjeld and Jonathan Chang and Daniele Silvestro and Christopher M. Kelty and Michael L Alfaro},
  journal={Philosophy of Science eJournal},
One of the most remarkable aspects of our species is that while we show surprisingly little genetic diversity, we demonstrate astonishing amounts of cultural diversity. Perhaps most impressive is the diversity of our technologies, broadly defined as all the physical objects we produce and the skills we use to produce them. Despite considerable focus on the evolution of technology by social scientists and philosophers, there have been few attempts to systematically quantify technological… 
A quantitative workflow for modeling diversification in material culture
This work provides an open-source and quantitative workflow for estimating rates of origination, extinction, and preservation, as well as identifying key shift points in the diversification histories of material culture.
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What leads to classically recognized patterns of biodiversity remains an open and contested question. It remains unknown if observed patterns are generated by biological or non-biological mechanisms,
Contributions of Bayesian Phylogenetics to Exploring Patterns of Macroevolution in Archaeological Data
This chapter closes the gap by providing a step-by-step application of a Bayesian phylogenetic approach to archaeological data from the Great Plains and concludes that Bayesian methods are not only able to reconstruct evolutionary relationships in a more robust manner but also ask a new generation of questions about the pace of cultural change, periods of cultural divergence, and rates of cultural diversification.
A systems approach to cultural evolution
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An emerging body of research suggests that diversity-dependence contributes to the formation and persistence of incipient species and raises new questions about the meaning of ecological speciation.
Bayesian estimation of speciation and extinction from incomplete fossil occurrence data.
A new probabilistic framework to jointly estimate species-specific times of speciation and extinction and the rates of the underlying birth-death process based on the fossil record is presented and represents a step towards integrating phylogenetic and fossil information to infer macroevolutionary processes.
How can we improve accuracy of macroevolutionary rate estimates?
An overview of 7 likelihood functions, which have been published in previous articles, are presented and the impact of the different conditionings toward accuracy of the maximum-likelihood rate estimates by inferring rates based on simulated phylogenies is investigated.
PyRate: a new program to estimate speciation and extinction rates from incomplete fossil data
PyRate, a computer program to estimate speciation and extinction rates and their temporal dynamics from fossil occurrence data is presented and a new birth–death model is developed to correlate the variation of speciation/extinction rates with changes of a continuous trait.
Mammalian phylogeny reveals recent diversification rate shifts
  • T. Stadler
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2011
Investigation of mammalian subgroups (marsupials, placentals, and the six largest placental subgroups) reveals that the diversification rate peak at 33–30 Mya is mainly driven by rodents, cetartiodactyla, and marsupials.
Quantitative analysis of macroevolutionary patterning in technological evolution: Bicycle design from 1800 to 2000
While many recent works on cultural evolution adopt a specific theoretical framework, Pattern and Process in Cultural Evolution emphasizes empirical analysis and includes authors who employ a range of backgrounds and methods to address aspects of culture from an evolutionary perspective.
Pattern and Process in Cultural Evolution
This volume offers an integrative approach to the application of evolutionary theory in studies of cultural transmission and social evolution and reveals the enormous range of ways in which Darwinian
Phylogenetics and Material Cultural Evolution
Critical analyses of the diversity patterns of two musical instruments, the stringed psaltery and the brasswind cornet, reveal paths of information transfer and the origins of innovation unique to the cultural context that are unlike those in biological systems.
The Evolution of Competition in the Automotive Industry
At the dawn of the second automotive century it is apparent that the competitive realm of the automotive industry is shifting away from traditional classifications based on firms’ production systems
A general framework for analysing diversity in science, technology and society
  • A. Stirling
  • Economics
    Journal of The Royal Society Interface
  • 2007
The resulting approach offers a way to be more systematic and transparent in the treatment of scientific and technological diversity in a range of fields, including conservation management, research governance, energy policy and sustainable innovation.