Competing Core Processes in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Do Working Memory Deficiencies Underlie Behavioral Inhibition Deficits?

@article{Alderson2010CompetingCP,
  title={Competing Core Processes in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Do Working Memory Deficiencies Underlie Behavioral Inhibition Deficits?},
  author={R. Matt Alderson and Mark D. Rapport and Kristen L Hudec and Dustin E. Sarver and Michael J. Kofler},
  journal={Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology},
  year={2010},
  volume={38},
  pages={497-507}
}
The current study examined competing predictions of the working memory and behavioral inhibition models of ADHD. Behavioral inhibition was measured using a conventional stop-signal task, and central executive, phonological, and visuospatial working memory components (Baddeley 2007) were assessed in 14 children with ADHD and 13 typically developing (TD) children. Bootstrapped mediation analyses revealed that the visuospatial working memory system and central executive both mediated the… 
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This study examined the effects of a standard and a high level of reinforcement on the visuospatial WM, STM, and CE performance of 86 children with ADHD and 62 typically-developing controls and found that standard reinforcement improved STM and WM performance more inChildren with ADHD than in controls, but was unable to normalize their performance.
Executive function predicts the visuospatial working memory in autism spectrum disorder and attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Zengjian Wang, Jin Jing, Yu Jin
  • Psychology
    Autism research : official journal of the International Society for Autism Research
  • 2018
TLDR
The study results suggested that VSWM was impaired in ASD but not in ADHD, and should consider different intervention targets of working memory and EF contributions in improving the cognitive capacity of ASD and ADHD.
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