Compensatory Puffing With Lower Nicotine Concentration E-liquids Increases Carbonyl Exposure in E-cigarette Aerosols.

@article{Komider2018CompensatoryPW,
  title={Compensatory Puffing With Lower Nicotine Concentration E-liquids Increases Carbonyl Exposure in E-cigarette Aerosols.},
  author={Leon Kośmider and Catherine F. Kimber and Jolanta Kurek and Olivia Corcoran and Lynne Dawkins},
  journal={Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco},
  year={2018},
  volume={20 8},
  pages={
          998-1003
        }
}
Introduction Article 20 of the European Tobacco Products Directive (EU-TPD) specifies that e-liquids should not contain nicotine in excess of 20 mg/mL, thus many vapers may be compelled to switch to lower concentrations and in so doing, may engage in more intensive puffing. This study aimed to establish whether more intensive puffing produces higher levels… CONTINUE READING