Compartmentalized regulations of ion channels in the heart.

  title={Compartmentalized regulations of ion channels in the heart.},
  author={Junko Kurokawa},
  journal={Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin},
  volume={30 12},
The rate and force of contraction of the heart are precisely controlled by compartmentalized regulation of cardiac ion channels which determine electrical activities. It is known that modulation of cardiac ion channels, which is caused by drug administration, sympathetic nervous system stimulation and gender difference, can increase risks of lethal… CONTINUE READING