Comparison of two modes of stress measurement: Daily hassles and uplifts versus major life events

  title={Comparison of two modes of stress measurement: Daily hassles and uplifts versus major life events},
  author={Allen D. Kanner and James Coyne and Catherine Schaefer and Richard S. Lazarus},
  journal={Journal of Behavioral Medicine},
The standard life events methodology for the prediction of psychological symptoms was compared with one focusing on relatively minor events, namely, the hassles and uplifts of everyday life. Hassles and Uplifts Scales were constructed and administered once a month for 10 consecutive months to a community sample of middle-aged adults. It was found that the Hassles Scale was a better predictor of concurrent and subsequent psychological symptoms than were the life events scores, and that the scale… 
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The findings show a psychometrically sound hassle scale for adults that had very good reliability and concurrent validity and there were generally strong correlations between frequency and intensity scores for each subscale.
Do hassles and uplifts change with age? Longitudinal findings from the VA normative aging study.
Support was found for both hedonic treadmill and developmental change theories, reflecting different aspects of emotion regulation in late life, with different patterns emerging for hassles and uplifts.
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Stability in women's experiences of hassles and uplifts: A five-year follow-up survey
  • L. Erlandsson
  • Psychology
    Scandinavian journal of occupational therapy
  • 2008
It was concluded that the methodology used (THU-5 and THU-3) was sensitive to these changes and could be applied in clinical settings, providing occupational therapists with a tool for detecting daily hassles that could be dealt with.
In support of hassles as a measure of stress in predicting health outcomes
Hassles were better predictors of health status than majorlife change events, and the influence of life change events was indirect, i.e., it increased hassles, which in turn, negatively affected health status.


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Some issues in research on stressful life events.
This paper is concerned with the kind of work that is needed in order to provide a more solid scientific foundation for the belief that life stress causes illness and to tackle a major substantive problem that has been largely neglected.
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Problems in the ratio measurement of life stress.
There are problems with the work of Rahe and his associates, in particular, the relative lack of concern with careful instrument construction and administration, the glossing over of the problem of cultural variance, and the use of analytic procedures that do not fully exploit the potential of their measurement technique.
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