Comparison of the efficacy of saline, local anesthetics, and steroids in epidural and facet joint injections for the management of spinal pain: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials

@inproceedings{Manchikanti2015ComparisonOT,
  title={Comparison of the efficacy of saline, local anesthetics, and steroids in epidural and facet joint injections for the management of spinal pain: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials},
  author={Laxmaiah Manchikanti and Devi E. Nampiaparampil and Kavita N. Manchikanti and Frank J. E. Falco and Vijay Lakshmi Singh and Ramsin M. Benyamin and Alan D. Kaye and Nalini Sehgal and A. I. Soin and Thomas T. Simopoulos and Sanjay Bakshi and Christopher G. Gharibo and Christopher J. Gilligan and Joshua A Hirsch},
  booktitle={Surgical neurology international},
  year={2015}
}
BACKGROUND The efficacy of epidural and facet joint injections has been assessed utilizing multiple solutions including saline, local anesthetic, steroids, and others. The responses to these various solutions have been variable and have not been systematically assessed with long-term follow-ups. METHODS Randomized trials utilizing a true active control design were included. The primary outcome measure was pain relief and the secondary outcome measure was functional improvement. The quality of… CONTINUE READING

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