Comparison of the effects of short, high-voltage and long, medium-voltage pulses on skin electrical and transport properties.

Abstract

High-voltage pulses have been shown to increase rates of transport across skin by several orders of magnitude on a time scale of minutes to seconds. Two main pulse protocols have been employed to promote transport: the intermittent application of short ( approximately 1 ms) high-voltage (approximately 100 V across skin) pulses and a few applications of long… (More)

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