Comparison of the biometrical genetical, MAVA, and classical approaches to the analysis of human behavior.

  title={Comparison of the biometrical genetical, MAVA, and classical approaches to the analysis of human behavior.},
  author={John L. Jinks and David W. Fulker},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  volume={73 5},
The techniques which can be used in the analysis of human behavior by the methods of biometrical genetics are described and compared with those of the Multiple Abstract Variance Analysis (MAVA), and other approaches. These techniques are applied to a number of personality and cognitive measures using published data. Underlying assumptions of the analyses used are discussed, and tests of significance for departure from them are demonstrated. Although data were often inadequate, the techniques… 
Model-fitting approaches to the analysis of human behaviour
Several statistical methods have been proposed for parameter estimation and hypothesis testing and the most suitable rely on the method of maximum likelihood for the estimation of variance and covariance components.
The Genetic and Environmental Architecture of Psychoticism, Extraversion and Neuroticism
Biometrical analysis not only provides broad evidence concerning the validity of the underlying psychological theory but also allows us to place the theory within the wider framework of evolutionary biology by providing more detailed information concerning the genetic and environmental architecture of the traits.
Biometrical genetics
Behavioral genetic approaches to psychophysiological data.
Behavioral genetic techniques have been developed to study the genetic and environmental contributions to individual differences in behavior, including covariances between different types of
The relative efficiencies of various experimental designs are compared for the genetical analysis of human behaviour. Particular attention is paid to the ability of the different designs to separate
Behavioral genetic methods.
  • R. Plomin
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality
  • 1986
Traditional behavioral genetic methods involve the use primarily of family, twin, and adoption correlations to estimate the relative contributions of genetic and environmental influences in the etiology of individual differences but newer methods are emphasized: structural models and model-fitting, multivariate analysis, genetic change and continuity in development, shared and non-shared components of environmental variance, and genetic components of "environmental" variation.
The use of quantitative genetic methodology to gain insights into the origins of individual differences in later life.
The purpose of this article is to discuss the use of quantitative genetic (or behavioral genetic) methodology to identify sources of individual variation in later life, which can provide insights into the proportion of environmental and genetic influences on behavior.
Biometrical Modeling of Twin and Family Data Using Standard Mixed Model Software
Convenient parameterizations requiring few random effects are proposed, which allow such models to be estimated using widely available software for linear mixed models (continuous phenotypes) or generalized linear mixed Models (categorical phenotypes).
Behavior Genetics: From Heritability to Gene Finding
This work established beyond reasonable doubt the importance of genetic and environmental factors in a variety of human phenotypes and set the stage for addressing follow-up issues, including questions about comorbidity and multivariate traits, the analyses of longitudinal data and time-series, the interaction and covariance of genes and environment, and the identification of genetic variants at the DNA sequence level.
The Genetics of Personality
The evidence that personality is heritable is discussed, the main approaches used to identify individual contributory factors are considered, and the barriers to success in this rapidly changing field are outlined.


XV.—The Correlation between Relatives on the Supposition of Mendelian Inheritance.
Several attempts have already been made to interpret the well-established results of biometry in accordance with the Mendelian scheme of inheritance. It is here attempted to ascertain the biometrical
The Genetical Interpretation of Statistics of the Third Degree in the Study of Quantitative Inheritance.
It is stressed that the study of the metrical characters is not only of utilitarian interest, but also that when individual factors cannot be recognized the analytic method of genetic study cannot be commenced, and the question arises as to whether genetics as a science has any further resource to offer.
Stability and change in the inheritance of behaviour in rats: a further analysis of statistics from a diallel cross
The results indicate that, while the stability of open-field defecation and ambulation is influenced during development by genetical determinants largely relating to dominance, there is little evidence of interaction with environment during this time.
Estimation of the limits of heritability of traits by comparison of monozygotic and dizygotic twins.
  • A. Jensen
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1967
This paper has three aims: (1) to present a new formula for extracting heritability estimates from twin data; (2) to show the results of the application of the formula to data from past studies of
The hypothesis put forward for discussion is that, among normal persons, differences in “intelligence” are determined by a large number of genes, segregating in accordance with Mendelian principles and each producing effects that are small, similar, and cumulative.
Biometrical genetics, the study of continuous variation.
1. The Genetical Foundation and Components of Means: Additive and Dominance Effects and components of means: Interaction and Heterosis.
The effects of inbreeding on Japanese children
many Japanese medical scientists and statisticians. The material is organized into 15 chapters. The first gives the general background. The second describes the situation of consanguineous marriages
The Effects of Inbreeding on Japanese Children
This volume constitutes probably the most comprehensive report on inbreeding effects in man because it covers the work of approximately ten years.
Is Intelligence Distributed Normally
Frequency distributions obtained on applying intelligence tests to large samples of the school population are analysed, and compared with those given by the formulae for the commoner types of
The structure of human personality
Introduction Introduction to the Third Edition 1 Theories of personality organization 2 Methods of dimensional analysis 3 Personality traits and their measurement 4 The analysis of ratings 5 The