Fenticonazole is an imidazole derivative with a broad spectrum of antimycotic activity. The therapeutic activity and tolerability of 600 mg fenticonazole versus 500 mg clotrimazole were evaluated in an investigator-blind trial in 80 patients with mycologically confirmed vaginal candidiasis. Fenticonazole was administered as an ovule and clotrimazole as a vaginal pessary, both in a single administration. Therapeutic efficacy was assessed by microbiological and clinical criteria 7 days after the start of treatment. Patients cured at the end of the trial were rechecked 4-5 weeks after the start of therapy in order to identify and evaluate possible relapse. Both treatments resulted in a statistically significant reduction in vaginal symptoms (erythema, itching, discharge and oedema) and in elimination of Candida albicans in about 90% of patients. The tolerance of both treatments was excellent since no local or systemic signs or symptoms of toxicity were reported. An equally high efficacy and safety for both drugs in the elimination of symptoms and objective evidence of vaginal candidiasis was indicated.