Comparison of short scales to measure depressive symptoms in elders with diabetes.

  title={Comparison of short scales to measure depressive symptoms in elders with diabetes.},
  author={Jaclene A Zauszniewski and Gregory C. Graham},
  journal={Western journal of nursing research},
  volume={31 2},
Depression is the most common mental health problem among American elders and it is also prevalent among those with diabetes. The 20-item Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) is commonly used to measure depressive symptoms in elders, but its length is potentially burdensome. Twelve short forms of the CES-D (4 to 16 items) exist, but they have not been tested with elders with diabetes. This study compared reliability and validity estimates across the 12 short forms and… CONTINUE READING


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