The aims of this study were (i) to determine and compare the concentration of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and total antioxidant status (TAS) in seminal plasma and sperm parameters of the male partners of patients undergoing IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment and (ii) to establish the relationship between ROS and TAS concentrations and sperm quality and their effect on fertilization and pregnancy rate of patients who achieved a pregnancy and those who were unsuccessful. Twenty-six IVF and 22 ICSI patients were included in this study. The ROS concentration in seminal plasma and sperm concentration, vitality (eosin test), motility, morphology, membrane integrity (HOS test), maturity (chromomycin, CMA3) and DNA fragmentation (TUNEL) results and their relationship to fertilization and pregnancy were analysed. ROS concentrations were similar regarding the seminal plasma of male partners of patients who achieved a pregnancy and those who were unsuccessful. The other semen parameters, concentration, motility, vitality, membrane and DNA integrity, were comparable in both groups. However, both groups demonstrated a negative correlation between ROS concentration and sperm vitality, membrane integrity and morphology. Moreover, an inverse correlation was found between TUNEL, vitality, and membrane integrity. In conclusion, ROS concentration in seminal plasma affects the quality of spermatozoa. A negative correlation between the ROS concentration in seminal plasma and fertilization rate in both IVF/ICSI programmes was shown.