Resynthesized lines from domesticated and wild Brassica taxa and their hybrids with B. napus L.: genetic diversity and hybrid yield
It has frequently been suggested to use the resynthesis of rapeseed (Brassica napus) from B. campestris and B. oleracea to broaden its genetic base. The objective of the present study is twofold: (1) to compare the genetic variation within resynthesized rapeseed with a world-wide collection of oilseed rape cultivars, and (2) to compare genetic distances estimated from RFLP markers with distances estimated from a relatively small number of allozyme markers. We investigated 17 resynthesized lines and 24 rapeseed cultivars. Genetic distances were estimated either based on the electrophoresis of seven allozymes, with a total of 38 different bands, or based on RFLP data of 51 probe/enzyme combinations, with a total of 355 different bands. The results of allozyme and RFLP analyses agreed reasonably well. Genetic distances, estimated from two independent sets of RFLP data with 25 and 26 probe/enzyme combinations respectively, were highly correlated; hence about 50 RFLP markers are sufficient to characterize rapeseed material with a large genetic diversity. The cultivars were clustered into three groups: (1) spring rapeseed of European and Northern American origin, (2) winter rapeseed of European and Northern American origin, and (3) rapeseed of Asian origin. Several of the resynthesized rapeseed lines were similar to European winter rapeseed cultivars, whereas others had quite unique patterns. It is concluded, that resynthesized rapeseed is a valuable source for broadening the genetic variation in present breeding material of Brassica napus. However, different lines differ widely in their suitability for this purpose.