Comparison of ischemic vulnerability and responsiveness to cardioplegic protection in crystalloid-perfused versus blood-perfused hearts.

Abstract

The possibility of differences between crystalloid-perfused and blood-perfused hearts in their vulnerability to ischemia and responsiveness to protective interventions has been investigated in isolated rabbit hearts perfused with bicarbonate buffer or arterial blood. In preliminary studies with 165 minutes of aerobic perfusion at constant perfusion pressure (55 +/- 3 mm Hg), the stability of left ventricular developed pressure was significantly better in blood-perfused hearts. In subsequent studies, hearts were subjected to 20 minutes of aerobic perfusion (coronary flow, 2.0 +/- 0.3 ml/min/gm wet weight in blood-perfused hearts versus 11.3 +/- 3.0 ml/min/gm wet weight in crystalloid-perfused hearts; left ventricular developed pressure, 90 +/- 4 and 91 +/- 2 mm Hg, respectively) followed by 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, or 105 minutes of normothermic global ischemia and 40 minutes of reperfusion (n = 4 per group). In the buffer-perfused groups the postischemic recoveries of left ventricular developed pressure were 74% +/- 6%, 45% +/- 7%, 39% +/- 6% 32%, +/- 5%, 27% +/- 4%, and 12% +/- 3% of preischemic control, respectively. In blood-perfused groups they were consistently greater (91% +/- 3%, 55% +/- 5%, 46% +/- 5%, 45% +/- 1%, 33% +/- 2%, and 19% +/- 3%, respectively). In further studies, hearts (n = 5 per group) were perfused with buffer (groups 1 and 2) or blood (groups 3 and 4), and each was subjected to 60 minutes of normothermic global ischemia, with (groups 2 and 4) or without (groups 1 and 3) a 3-minute preischemic infusion of St. Thomas' Hospital cardioplegic solution. After 60 minutes of reperfusion, the postischemic recoveries of left ventricular developed pressure in groups 1, 2, 3, and 4 were 32% +/- 3%, 44% +/- 4%, 43% +/- 7%, and 72% +/- 6%, respectively, with coronary flow recovering to 64% +/- 7%, 82% +/- 4%, 82% +/- 4%, and 110% +/- 5%, respectively. Left ventricular end-diastolic pressures were 20 +/- 5, 24 +/- 7, 15 +/- 4, and 4 +/- 3 mm Hg, and tissue water contents were 4.76 +/- 0.11, 4.87 +/- 0.55, 3.93 +/- 0.05, and 3.68 +/- 0.02 ml/gm dry weight, respectively. In conclusion, compared with crystalloid perfusion, the blood-perfused rabbit heart has a greater resistance to ischemia, a superior response to cardioplegic protection, and a lower tissue water content.

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@article{Qiu1992ComparisonOI, title={Comparison of ischemic vulnerability and responsiveness to cardioplegic protection in crystalloid-perfused versus blood-perfused hearts.}, author={Y Qiu and David J . Hearse}, journal={The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery}, year={1992}, volume={103 5}, pages={960-8} }