Comparison of global estimates of prevalence and risk factors for peripheral artery disease in 2000 and 2010: a systematic review and analysis

@article{Fowkes2013ComparisonOG,
  title={Comparison of global estimates of prevalence and risk factors for peripheral artery disease in 2000 and 2010: a systematic review and analysis},
  author={F. Fowkes and D. Rudan and I. Rudan and V. Aboyans and J. Denenberg and M. McDermott and P. Norman and Uchechukwe KA Sampson and L. Williams and G. Mensah and M. Criqui},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2013},
  volume={382},
  pages={1329-1340}
}
BACKGROUND Lower extremity peripheral artery disease is the third leading cause of atherosclerotic cardiovascular morbidity, following coronary artery disease and stroke. This study provides the first comparison of the prevalence of peripheral artery disease between high-income countries (HIC) and low-income or middle-income countries (LMIC), establishes the primary risk factors for peripheral artery disease in these settings, and estimates the number of people living with peripheral artery… Expand
Global, regional, and national prevalence and risk factors for peripheral artery disease in 2015: an updated systematic review and analysis.
TLDR
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Patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease in a clinical practice population have a high risk of death and cardiovascular-related outcomes, and minimising risk is important in the ongoing management of these patients. Expand
Peripheral arterial diseases of the lower limbs
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TLDR
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TLDR
Hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidaemia, and obesity, but not smoking were strong predictors of PAD, and ABI measurement should be routinely performed as a screening test in intermediate and high-risk patients for CVD prevention. Expand
A national study of the prevalence and risk factors associated with peripheral arterial disease from China: The China Hypertension Survey, 2012-2015.
TLDR
Older age, Han population, current smokers, education level, hypertension, CAD, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and rural residences all were significantly associated with an increased risk of PAD in China. Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
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References

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Prevalence of and risk factors for peripheral arterial disease in the United States: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2000.
TLDR
PAD prevalence increases dramatically with age and disproportionately affects blacks, and the vast majority of individuals with PAD have 1 or more cardiovascular disease risk factors that should be targeted for therapy. Expand
Risk factors for and the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease and its relationship to carotid atherosclerosis: the Kyushu and Okinawa Population Study (KOPS).
TLDR
The prevalence of PAD in Japan was confirmed to be lower than that of similar studies performed in other countries, and PAD was strongly correlated with age and dyslipidemia in both sexes, carotid atherosclerosis in males, and abdominal fat in females. Expand
Using ankle-brachial index to detect peripheral arterial disease: prevalence and associated risk factors in a random population sample.
BACKGROUND AND AIM The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is being used increasingly to diagnose peripheral arterial disease (PAD) that predicts cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this studyExpand
Prevalence of symptomatic and asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease and the value of the ankle-brachial index to stratify cardiovascular risk.
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TLDR
Adding ABI measurement to CHD-risk screening better identifies moderate-to-high cardiovascular risk patients and avoids missing indicators, which are often missing in participants over 74. Expand
Prevalence of peripheral artery disease and its associated risk factors in Spain: The ESTIME Study.
TLDR
EstIME study confirms the high prevalence of asymptomatic PAD, and its relation with typical cardiovascular risk factors, and ABI provides early diagnosis before claudication symptoms in a high proportion of patients. Expand
Prevalence and clinical correlates of peripheral arterial disease in the Framingham Offspring Study.
TLDR
Smoking cessation and hypertension control are important goals in the aim to reduce PAD and its associated impact on quality of life, functional decline, and risk for subsequent cardiovascular disease. Expand
The Peripheral Arterial disease study (PERART/ARTPER): prevalence and risk factors in the general population
TLDR
The prevalence of peripheral arterial disease is low, higher in males and increases with age in both sexes and in addition to previously described risk factors, a protector effect in physical exercise and overweight is found. Expand
Secondary Prevention and Mortality in Peripheral Artery Disease: National Health and Nutrition Examination Study, 1999 to 2004
TLDR
Millions of US adults with PAD are not receiving secondary prevention therapies and treatment with multiple therapies is associated with reduced all-cause mortality. Expand
Distribution of ankle—brachial index and the risk factors of peripheral artery disease in a multi-ethnic Asian population
TLDR
PAD shows an ethnic distribution similar to that of coronary artery disease in Singapore, with differences in sex distribution, and is document the distribution and risk factor associations for PAD in this large multi-ethnic Asian population. Expand
Prevalence of Peripheral Arterial Disease and Related Risk Factors in an Urban Mexican Population
TLDR
The prevalence of PAD is high in this Mexican urban population, and low-cost, noninvasive Doppler ultrasonography should be considered as an adequate screening procedure in primary care to detect individuals at high risk for major cardiovascular events. Expand
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