Comparison of effortful and noneffortful swallows in healthy middle-aged and older adults.

@article{Hind2001ComparisonOE,
  title={Comparison of effortful and noneffortful swallows in healthy middle-aged and older adults.},
  author={J. Hind and Mark A. Nicosia and Ellen B. Roecker and Matthew L. Carnes and JoAnne Robbins},
  journal={Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation},
  year={2001},
  volume={82 12},
  pages={1661-5}
}
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of effortful swallowing, a common compensatory strategy for dysphagia, on the bolus and swallowing mechanism of middle-aged and older men and women. DESIGN Case-controlled design in which subjects completed both the intervention technique and the control behavior. SETTING A university hospital. PARTICIPANTS Sixty-four healthy men and women between 45 and 93 years of age from the community. INTERVENTIONS Participants swallowed 3-mL thin liquid boluses both… CONTINUE READING