Comparison of diagnostic names of mental illnesses in medical documents before and after the adoption of a new Japanese translation of ‘schizophrenia’

  title={Comparison of diagnostic names of mental illnesses in medical documents before and after the adoption of a new Japanese translation of ‘schizophrenia’},
  author={Tohru Takahashi and Miho Tsunoda and Mitsuhiro Miyashita and Tomomi Ogihara and Yatsuka Okada and Tetsuya Hagiwara and Shin Inuzuka and Shinsuke Washizuka and Tokiji Hanihara and Naoji Amano},
  journal={Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences},
Aim:  The name of a disease entered in medical documents often differs from the true diagnosis in psychiatric practice. We examined the effects of different translations of ‘schizophrenia’ into Japanese on the usage of disease names in documents. 

Should the label "schizophrenia" be abandoned?

Multinational comparative cross-sectional survey of views of medical students about acceptable terminology and subgroups in schizophrenia

The attitudes towards psychosis subgroups used in this study have shown mixed results and variation across countries, and acceptability of terminology is warranted to investigate acceptability.

Review of mental‐health‐related stigma in Japan

Although educational programs appear to be effective in reducing mental‐health‐related stigma, future programs in Japan need to address problems regarding institutionalism and offer direct social contact with people with mental illness.

Associations between renaming schizophrenia and stigma‐related outcomes: A systematic review

Overall, in countries where schizophrenia has been renamed, the name changes may be associated with improvements in adults’ attitudes toward people with schizophrenia, and with increased diagnosis announcement, however, studies conducted in countriesWhere schizophrenia has not been renamed report inconsistent findings.

Erasing stigma is much more than changing words.

The author points to lessons that can be learned from other efforts to promote civil rights in terms of diagnostic relabeling, and gives the task of changing stigma to mental health professionals rather than anchoring it among people with lived experience.

Lessons learned from unintended consequences about erasing the stigma of mental illness

  • P. Corrigan
  • Medicine
    World psychiatry : official journal of the World Psychiatric Association
  • 2016
Advocates and scientists have partnered to develop and evaluate programs meant to erase the egregious effects of the different forms of stigma. Enough evidence has been collected to yield lessons

Current World Literature

  • R. Caddell
  • Computer Science
    Current opinion in psychiatry
  • 2012
The bibliography contains every paper annotated by reviewers; these references were obtained from a variety of bibliographic databases and published between the beginning of the review period and the time of going to press.



Impact of the term schizophrenia on the culture of ideograph: the Japanese experience.

It is unlikely that this problem can be resolved by education or information alone, and it may well be the case that in cultures using ideographs, the illness will need to be renamed.

[Has the informed consent for people with schizophrenia prevailed among Japanese psychiatrists by changing the name? The outcome of 3-year study].

  • Y. Nishimura
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Seishin shinkeigaku zasshi = Psychiatria et neurologia Japonica
  • 2006
The prevalence of togo-shiccho-sho became about 90% among the Japanese psychiatrists and they seem to use it not accompanied with Seishin-bunretsu-byo or any other names, especially eagerly among younger generation.

Deconstructing Psychosis conference February 2006: the validity of schizophrenia and alternative approaches to the classification of psychosis.

The psychometric literature examining the evidence for discontinuity between schizophrenia and normality and the distinction between schizophrenic and other psychotic disorders is reviewed, proposing potential alternative approaches to refining the classification of psychosis.

Schizophrenia: Is it time to replace the term?

The results revealed that the Japanese term for schizophrenia influences a psychiatrist’s decision to inform patients of the diagnosis and that, by changing the term to a less stigmatized one, the disclosure of information about schizophrenia to patients would be promoted.

Labeling Effect of Seishin-Bunretsu-Byou, the Japanese Translation for Schizophrenia: an Argument for Relabeling

The label of schizophrenia (the Japanese translation Seishin-bunretsu-byou) has stigmatizing effect and is discussed in the light of the implications of a relabeling, and argued for a change of name.

Diagnostic disclosure: a tale in two cultures

To understand diagnostic disclosure to psychiatric patients, a questionnaire with six case vignettes was sent to practising psychiatrists in Japan and North America and found that only 70% of North Americans and less than 30% of Japanese would similarly inform patients with schizophrenia or schizophreniform disorders.

Information and consent in schizophrenic patients in long-term treatment.

Issues considered include the extent to which highly compliant patients know important facts about their treatment, how satisfied they are with the information given to them, and the implications for informed consent.

Schizophrenia can and should be renamed

Lieberman and First make the case against renaming schizophrenia on the grounds that changing the term would not change the stigma attached to the underlying condition.1 Yet renaming is a key

Deconstructing and reconstructing illness syndromes associated with psychosis.

  • W. Carpenter
  • Psychology, Medicine
    World psychiatry : official journal of the World Psychiatric Association
  • 2007
This work identifies multiple boundaries within schizophrenia, to the breakdown of boundaries between the major diagnostic classes associated with psychosis, and believes that the domains of pathology paradigm provides the best current method for addressing similarities and differences between classes.