This study was designed to determine whether solvent-preserved dura mater and fascia lata grafts would be as effective as palatal mucosal grafts for vestibuloplasty. All graft systems succeeded in covering the alveolar ridge with firmly attached tissue, which is needed to ensure prosthetic stability. There was no remarkable reduction in area until the stents were removed. However, after 6 months of vestibuloplasty, there was a significant reduction in gained vestibular area in the fascia lata group, whereas no significant difference between dura mater and palatal grafts was observed. These findings suggest that dura mater could serve as a biologic oral dressing for mucosal defects as effectively as palatal grafts in vestibuloplasty.