Comparison of Repellency Effect of Mosquito Repellents for DEET, Citronella, and Fennel Oil.

Abstract

To confirm that Korean Food and Drug Administration (KFDA) guidelines are applicable to test the efficacy of mosquito repellents, these guidelines were used to test the efficacy and complete protection times (CPTs) of three representative mosquito repellents: N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (DEET), citronella, and fennel oil. The repellency of citronella oil decreased over time, from 97.9% at 0 h to 71.4% at 1 h and 57.7% at 2 h, as did the repellency of fennel oil, from 88.6% at 0 h to 61.2% at 1 h and 47.4% at 2 h. In contrast, the repellency of DEET remained over 90% for 6 h. The CPT of DEET (360 min) was much longer than the CPTs of citronella (10.5 min) and fennel oil (8.4 min). These results did not differ significantly from previous findings, and hence confirm that the KFDA guidelines are applicable for testing the efficacy of mosquito repellents.

DOI: 10.1155/2015/361021

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Cite this paper

@article{Yoon2015ComparisonOR, title={Comparison of Repellency Effect of Mosquito Repellents for DEET, Citronella, and Fennel Oil.}, author={Jong Kwang Yoon and Kang-Chang Kim and Yeondong Cho and Yong-Dae Gwon and Han Sam Cho and Yoonki Heo and Kihoon Park and Yang-Won Lee and Mijeong Kim and Yu-Kyoung Oh and Young Bong Kim}, journal={Journal of parasitology research}, year={2015}, volume={2015}, pages={361021} }