Comparison of Prolate and Oblate Explosions in Core-Collapse Supernovae


We have carried out 2-D simulations of core-collapse supernova explosions. The local neutrino radiation field is assumed to have its maximum value either at the symmetry (polar) axis or on the equatorial plane. These lead to the prolate and oblate explosions, respectively. We find that the gain of the explosion energy in the prolate explosion evolves more predominately than that in the oblate one when the total neutrino luminosity is given. Namely, the prolate explosion is more energetic than the oblate one. One of the authors (Shimizu et al. 2001) showed for the first time that globally anisotropic neutrino radiation produces more powerful explosion than the spherical neutrino radiation does. In our previous study (Madokoro, Shimizu, & Motizuki 2003), we improved the numerical code of Shimizu et al. and demonstrated that the globally anisotropic neutrino radiation yields more energetic explosion than spatiallyfluctuated neutrino radiation does. Together with the result of this paper, we conclude that the globally anisotropic (prolate) neutrino radiation is the most effective way of increasing the explosion energy among various types of explosions investigated in these studies. We discuss the reason for this. Our result is suggestive of the fact that the expanding materials of SN1987A is observed to have a prolate geometry.

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@inproceedings{Madokoro2003ComparisonOP, title={Comparison of Prolate and Oblate Explosions in Core-Collapse Supernovae}, author={H. Madokoro and Tetsuya M. Shimizu}, year={2003} }