Comparison of Periodontal Parameters and Self‐Perceived Oral Symptoms Among Cigarette Smokers, Individuals Vaping Electronic Cigarettes, and Never‐Smokers

@article{Javed2017ComparisonOP,
  title={Comparison of Periodontal Parameters and Self‐Perceived Oral Symptoms Among Cigarette Smokers, Individuals Vaping Electronic Cigarettes, and Never‐Smokers},
  author={F. Javed and Tariq Abduljabbar and Fahim Vohra and Hans S. Malmstrom and Irfan Rahman and Georgios E. Romanos},
  journal={Journal of Periodontology},
  year={2017},
  volume={88},
  pages={1059–1065}
}
BACKGROUND To the authors' knowledge, there are no studies that have compared periodontal parameters and self-perceived oral symptoms (OSs) among cigarette smokers (CSs) (group 1), individuals exclusively vaping electronic cigarettes (group 2), and never-smokers (NSs) (group 3). The aim of this study is to assess periodontal parameters and self-perceived OSs among vaping individuals, CSs, and NSs. METHODS Ninety-four male participants (groups 1, 2, and 3: 33, 31, and 30 individuals… 

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