Comparison of 3 upper tract anticarcinogenic agent delivery techniques in an ex vivo porcine model.

@article{Pollard2013ComparisonO3,
  title={Comparison of 3 upper tract anticarcinogenic agent delivery techniques in an ex vivo porcine model.},
  author={Matthew E. Pollard and Adam W. Levinson and Edan Y. Shapiro and Doh Yoon Cha and Alex C. Small and Nihal Elamin Mohamed and Ketan K. Badani and Mantu Gupta},
  journal={Urology},
  year={2013},
  volume={82 6},
  pages={1451.e1-6}
}
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the degree of urothelial exposure using 3 upper tract delivery techniques in an ex vivo porcine model, to determine the optimal modality to locally deliver topical anticarcinogenic agents in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS An indigo carmine solution was infused into en bloc porcine urinary tracts to test the 3 techniques: antegrade infusion via nephrostomy tube, reflux via indwelling double-pigtail stent, and retrograde… CONTINUE READING