Comparison between the effects of continuous and impact noise on cochlear potentials in guinea pigs.

Abstract

Cochlear microphonics (CM), action potentials (AP), and endocochlear potential (EP) were recorded from anesthetized, immobilized guinea pigs during potential (EP) were recorded from anesthetized, immobilized guinea pigs during and following 20 min periods of noise exposure. Changes in cochlear potentials were compared in guinea pigs exposed to continuous broadband noise or mechanically generated impact noise of equal energy content. Over a range of continuous noise levels from 95 to 105 dB SPL it was found that continuous noise produced less suppression of CM and a greater suppression of AP than did impact noise of equal energy. A reduction of EP did not accompany CM suppression with either type of noise exposure. Suppression of CM and AP was also compared in guinea pigs with chronically implanted round window electrodes. In these preparations, AP was suppressed to a similar extent by impact and continuous noise of equal energy, but CM was suppressed to a significantly greater extent by impact noise. The data from both series of experiments indicate that the suppression of cochlear responses is not predicted by an "equal energy" rule when impact and continuous noise are compared.

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@article{Salt1981ComparisonBT, title={Comparison between the effects of continuous and impact noise on cochlear potentials in guinea pigs.}, author={Alec Salt and Tsuyoshi Konishi and Robert O Cook and Adnan Akay}, journal={The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America}, year={1981}, volume={69 6}, pages={1746-52} }