Comparison between the combination of gabapentin, ketamine, lornoxicam, and local ropivacaine and each of these drugs alone for pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a randomized trial.

@article{Kotsovolis2015ComparisonBT,
  title={Comparison between the combination of gabapentin, ketamine, lornoxicam, and local ropivacaine and each of these drugs alone for pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a randomized trial.},
  author={Georgios Kotsovolis and Konstantinos A. Karakoulas and Vasileios Grosomanidis and Nikolaos E Tziris},
  journal={Pain practice : the official journal of World Institute of Pain},
  year={2015},
  volume={15 4},
  pages={355-63}
}
BACKGROUND The main purpose of the study was to test whether the combination of gabapentin (600 mg 4 hours before surgery, 600 mg after 24 hours), ketamine (0.3 mg/kg before anesthesia), lornoxicam (8 mg before anesthesia and 8 mg/12 hours), and local ropivacaine (5 mL 7.5% at insertion sites) provides superior analgesia to each of these drugs alone in the first 24 hours after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The secondary purpose was to examine whether this combination has less opioid-related… CONTINUE READING
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