Comparing two life cycle assessment approaches: a process model vs. economic input-output-based assessment

@article{Hendrickson1997ComparingTL,
  title={Comparing two life cycle assessment approaches: a process model vs. economic input-output-based assessment},
  author={Chris T. Hendrickson and Andi Horvath and Satish V Joshi and Markus Klausner and Lester B. Lave and Francis C. McMichael},
  journal={Proceedings of the 1997 IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment. ISEE-1997},
  year={1997},
  pages={176-181}
}
We compare two tools for Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). The software GaBi (Ganzheitliche Bilanzierung Integrated Assessment) from Germany is based on a process model approach, as recommended by the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC). These results are contrasted to those from the method developed by Carnegie Mellon University's Green Design Initiative, Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Analysis (EIO-LCA). The EIO-LCA model uses economic input-output matrices, and industry… Expand

Tables from this paper

Extending the Boundaries of Life‐Cycle Assessment through Environmental Economic Input‐Output Models
Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is a cornerstone of current practice in industrial ecology, linking the product life cycle, from design to disposition, with the environmental impacts generated at eachExpand
Economic Input–Output Models for Environmental Life-Cycle Assessment
Process and product models are commonly used for performing life-cycle assessments (LCAs) of the environmental impacts of materials and products through different stages of fabrication, use, andExpand
GREEN DESIGN Economic Input-Output Models for Environmental Life-Cycle Assessment
Process and product models are commonly used for performing life-cycle assessments (LCAs) of the environmental impacts of materials and products through different stages of fabrication, use, andExpand
Why using different Life Cycle Assessment software tools can generate different results for the same product system? A cause–effect analysis of the problem
TLDR
A roadmap was proposed and it was recommended to include LCIA methods into a node at the Global LCA Data network, and consequently all software tools should update their databases from there to at least reducing the discrepancies of LCA results. Expand
Ecologically-Based LCA – An Approach For Quantifying The Role Of Natural Capital In Product Life Cycles
Life cycle assessment is a popular approach for evaluating the environmental impact of technologies. However, one application to new solvents, Ionic Liquids, exposes its many weaknesses andExpand
Recommendations for a Whole Life Cycle Economic and Environmental Impact Technology Assessment Tool for Alternative Driveline Bus Fleets
In response to the environmental impact of large transportation systems, such as buses, coupled with the need to design and operate efficient and cost-effective fleets, low emission alternative busExpand
A mathematical programming tool for LCI-based product design and case study for a carpet product
Products are produced by a series of energy-intensive transformations of raw materials such as crude oil. The life cycle inventory (LCI) of mass and energy usage in these supply chains is one measureExpand
Life - Cycle Evaluation of Pavements: A Critical Review
With the spread of the notion of sustainability, evaluating alternative roadway design options in terms of economic factors solely has become insufficient, and a need has risen to incorporateExpand
Empirical Comparison of Input‐Output Methods for Life Cycle Assessment
This article empirically evaluates the results from input‐output (I‐O) life cycle assessment (LCA) models of the United States for 2002, based on different sources of data: demand‐side survey data;Expand
Comparison of life cycle assessment databases: A case study on building assessment
Abstract Comparability of life cycle assessment (LCA) results based on different background data has long been debated. This is one of the main issues in building LCAs since buildings are complexExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-9 OF 9 REFERENCES
Life cycle analysis of batteries using economic input-output analysis
In previous work, the authors illustrated the use of economic input/output models for environmental assessment of industrial sector outputs and the use of economic input/output models to expandExpand
Using input-output analysis to estimate economy-wide discharges
Life-cycle assessment models attempt to quantify the environmental implications of alternative products and processes, tracing pollution discharges and resources use through the chain of producersExpand
Economic input/output analysis to aid life cycle assessment of electronics products
Economic input/output (EIO) analysis is a well established modelling framework for tracing the flows of inputs and outputs throughout an economy. It can aid life cycle analysis by providing aExpand
Toxic Emissions Indices for Green Design and Inventory
The Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) is the most comprehensive and widely reported information on hazardous discharges to the environment in the United States. Unfortunately, the fledgling nature ofExpand
Costing the Earth: The Challenge for Governments, the Opportunities for Business
Working together, industry and government form a formidable alliance: one that can foster economic growth and preserve the environment. "Costing the Earth" identifies this opportunity for enterpriseExpand
Portney, P
  • R, “The Price is Right: Making Use of Life Cycle Analyses,’’ Issues in Science and Technology, 10(2), pp. 69-75, Fiksel, J., ed, “Design for Environment,” McGraw-Hill,
  • 1997
Comprehensive Product Life Cycle Analysis Using Input-Output Analysis Techniques,
  • Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis Proposal, Heinz School of Public Policy and Mwgament,
  • 1996
Dishonorable Discharge, Toxic Pollution of America’s Waters,
  • 1996
Menke, D
  • M., G. A. Davis and B. W. Vigon, “Evaluation of Life-Cycle Assessment Tools,” Unpublished Report, Hazardous Waste Branch, Environment Canada, Ottawa,
  • 1996