Comparing the Psychometric Properties of Two Measures of Wisdom: Predicting Forgiveness and Psychological Well-Being with the Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale (SAWS) and the Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale (3D-WS)

  title={Comparing the Psychometric Properties of Two Measures of Wisdom: Predicting Forgiveness and Psychological Well-Being with the Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale (SAWS) and the Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale (3D-WS)},
  author={Matthew Taylor and G. Bates and J. Webster},
  journal={Experimental Aging Research},
  pages={129 - 141}
Two recently developed scales of wisdom were compared on their abilities to have their dimensional structure replicated and to predict relevant personality (i.e., forgiveness) and life satisfaction (i.e., psychological well-being) variables. One hundred and seventy-six primarily (71%) Australian participants ranging in age from 18 to 68 years (M = 36.60, SD = 12.07) completed an online survey of the Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale (SAWS; Webster, 2003, Journal of Adult Development, 10, 13–22; 2007… Expand
The Measurement of Wisdom: A Commentary on Taylor, Bates, and Webster's Comparison of the SAWS and 3D-WS
  • M. Ardelt
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Experimental aging research
  • 2011
It appears that the 3D-WS measures the essential cognitive, reflective, and affective components of Wisdom, whereas the SAWS contains a reflective wisdom component, a wisdom predictor, a consequence of wisdom, and two necessary but not sufficient wisdom components. Expand
Exploring the Wisdom Structure: Validation of the Spanish New Short Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale (3D-WS) and Its Explanatory Power on Psychological Health-Related Variables
The new short 3D-WS appears to be a reliable instrument for measuring wisdom in the Spanish general population and may influence the cognitive and affective wisdom components through the G-Reflective general factor. Expand
How to measure wisdom: content, reliability, and validity of five measures
This study compares four well-established measures of wisdom with respect to content, reliability, factorial structure, and construct validity (relationships to wisdom nomination, interview-based wisdom ratings, and correlates of wisdom) and recommends the most suitable measure for researchers to select for their substantive interests. Expand
Tracing the relationship between wisdom and health
BACKGROUND: Wisdom is a highly appreciated positive personality trait. Therefore, psychology and psychiatry begin to acknowledge favorable influence of wisdom on mental health. As wisdom constitutesExpand
Correlates of Wisdom
Several rating measures and standardized scales of general and personal wisdom have been developed, ranging from cognitive to noncognitive assessments of wisdom. Although correlations of wisdomExpand
Disentangling the Relations Between Wisdom and Different Types of Well-Being in Old Age: Findings from a Short-Term Longitudinal Study
Wisdom has been shown to be positively related to well-being in past cross-sectional research, but it is not clear whether wisdom affects well-being, well-being affects wisdom, or whether theExpand
Development of a 12-Item Abbreviated Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale (3D-WS-12)
An abbreviated 12-item version of the 3D-WS can provide efficient and valid assessments of Wisdom within the context of epidemiological surveys, andBalancing concerns for measurement precision, internal structure, and content validity, factor analytic methods and expert judgment were used to identify a subset of 12-items. Expand
Effects of Self-Reported Wisdom on Happiness: Not Much More Than Emotional Intelligence?
Wisdom and emotional intelligence are increasingly popular topics among happiness scholars. Despite their conceptual overlap, no empirical research has examined their interrelations and incrementalExpand
Wisdom assessment: Portuguese adaptation of the Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale – SAWS – by Jeffrey Webster
Wisdom is conceived as the “existential art”, a way of being that reveals itself not so much in lecturing, but rather in the ability to carry out life in the best possible way. The experimental focusExpand
Development and validation of a brief self-assessed wisdom scale
Background: This longitudinal study aimed to develop a nine-item Brief Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale (BSAWS) derived from the original 40-item Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale (SAWS). Methods: TheExpand


Measuring the character strength of wisdom.
  • J. Webster
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • International journal of aging & human development
  • 2007
This study examined the psychosocial correlates and psychometric properties of the Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale (SAWS) and confirmed the five hypothesized dimensions of wisdom and the total SAWS score correlated in predicted directions with generativity and attachment avoidance. Expand
An Exploratory Analysis of a Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale
Three studies investigated the psychometric properties of the newly developed self-assessed wisdom scale (SAWS). Study 1 investigated the reliability of a 30-item questionnaire assessing 5Expand
Empirical Assessment of a Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale
Although wisdom is thought to be a strong predictor for many attributes of aging well, the concept of wisdom still lacks a comprehensive, directly testable scale. Quantitative and qualitativeExpand
The Psychometric Location of Wisdom-Related Performance: Intelligence, Personality, and more?
The present study aims at presenting evidence on the psychometric location of a measure of wisdom-related performance in relation to standard measures of intelligence, personality, and theirExpand
Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being.
Reigning measures of psychological well-being have little theoretical grounding, despite an extensive literature on the contours of positive functioning. Aspects of well-being derived from thisExpand
Wisdom and Positive Psychosocial Values in Young Adulthood
The current project investigates wisdom and positive psychosocial characteristics in young adults in a series of three overlapping studies. Study 1 (N = 61) investigated wisdom and ego-integrity,Expand
Wisdom and life satisfaction in old age.
  • M. Ardelt
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
  • 1997
This study combines personality and individual development by introducing the ancient but neglected concept of wisdom as a predictor of life satisfaction by using structural equation models with latent variables from the 1968/69 Berkeley Guidance Study to show that wisdom has a profoundly positive influence on life satisfaction independent of objective circumstances. Expand
Dispositional forgiveness of self, others, and situations.
The Heartland Forgiveness Scale (HFS), a self-report measure of dispositional forgiveness (with subscales to assess forgiveness of self, others, and situations) was developed and demonstrated good psychometric properties. Expand
Wisdom-Related Knowledge: Affective, Motivational, and Interpersonal Correlates
Findings corroborate the theoretical notion that wisdom involves affective modulation and complexity rather than the predominant seeking of pleasure and also a joint motivational commitment to developing the potential of oneself and that of others. Expand
Illusion and well-being: a social psychological perspective on mental health.
Research suggesting that certain illusions may be adaptive for mental health and well-being is reviewed, examining evidence that a set of interrelated positive illusions—namely, unrealistically positive self-evaluations, exaggerated perceptions of control or mastery, and unrealistic optimism—can serve a wide variety of cognitive, affective, and social functions. Expand