Comparing stimulation-induced pain during percutaneous (intramuscular) and transcutaneous neuromuscular electric stimulation for treating shoulder subluxation in hemiplegia.

@article{Yu2001ComparingSP,
  title={Comparing stimulation-induced pain during percutaneous (intramuscular) and transcutaneous neuromuscular electric stimulation for treating shoulder subluxation in hemiplegia.},
  author={David Tzehsia Yu and John Chae and Maria E Walker and Ronald L Hart and Gregory F. Petroski},
  journal={Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation},
  year={2001},
  volume={82 6},
  pages={756-60}
}
OBJECTIVE To determine whether percutaneous (intramuscular) neuromuscular electric stimulation (perc-NMES) is less painful than transcutaneous neuromuscular electric stimulation (trans-NMES) for treating shoulder subluxation in hemiplegia. DESIGN Double-blind, crossover trial. SETTING University-affiliated tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS A convenience sample of 10 hemiplegic subjects with at least 1 fingerbreadth of glenohumeral subluxation. INTERVENTIONS All subjects received 3… CONTINUE READING

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