Comparing Urban Citizenship, Sanctuary Cities, Local Bureaucratic Membership, and Regularizations

@article{Kaufmann2019ComparingUC,
  title={Comparing Urban Citizenship, Sanctuary Cities, Local Bureaucratic Membership, and Regularizations},
  author={David Kaufmann},
  journal={Public Administration Review},
  year={2019}
}
Irregular migrants tend to live in dense urban settings. Cities respond to this phenomenon with a variety of urban immigration and citizenship policies in support of irregular migrants. These urban policies produce a disparity between local inclusion and national exclusion. This article describes and compares such urban policies, namely urban citizenship, sanctuary cities, local bureaucratic membership, and regularizations. Urban citizenship serves as the normative foundation of these policies… 
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