Comparing Proteolytic Fingerprints of Antigen-Presenting Cells during Allergen Processing

Abstract

Endolysosomal processing has a critical influence on immunogenicity as well as immune polarization of protein antigens. In industrialized countries, allergies affect around 25% of the population. For the rational design of protein-based allergy therapeutics for immunotherapy, a good knowledge of T cell-reactive regions on allergens is required. Thus, we sought to analyze endolysosomal degradation patterns of inhalant allergens. Four major allergens from ragweed, birch, as well as house dust mites were produced as recombinant proteins. Endolysosomal proteases were purified by differential centrifugation from dendritic cells, macrophages, and B cells, and combined with allergens for proteolytic processing. Thereafter, endolysosomal proteolysis was monitored by protein gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. We found that the overall proteolytic activity of specific endolysosomal fractions differed substantially, whereas the degradation patterns of the four model allergens obtained with the different proteases were extremely similar. Moreover, previously identified T cell epitopes were assigned to endolysosomal peptides and indeed showed a good overlap with known T cell epitopes for all four candidate allergens. Thus, we propose that the degradome assay can be used as a predictor to determine antigenic peptides as potential T cell epitopes, which will help in the rational design of protein-based allergy vaccine candidates.

DOI: 10.3390/ijms18061225

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Hofer2017ComparingPF, title={Comparing Proteolytic Fingerprints of Antigen-Presenting Cells during Allergen Processing}, author={Heidi Hofer and Tamara Weidinger and Peter Briza and Claudia Asam and Martin Joachim Wolf and Teresa Twaroch and Frank Stolz and Angela Neubauer and Elfriede Dall and Peter Hammerl and Alain P A Jacquet and Michael Wallner}, booktitle={International journal of molecular sciences}, year={2017} }