Comparing Photosynthetic and Photovoltaic Efficiencies and Recognizing the Potential for Improvement

@article{Blankenship2011ComparingPA,
  title={Comparing Photosynthetic and Photovoltaic Efficiencies and Recognizing the Potential for Improvement},
  author={Robert Eugene Blankenship and David M. Tiede and James Barber and Gary W. Brudvig and Graham R. Fleming and Maria L. Ghirardi and M. R. Gunner and Wolfgang Junge and David M. Kramer and Anastasios Melis and Thomas A Moore and Christopher C. Moser and Daniel G. Nocera and Arthur J. Nozik and Donald R. Ort and William W. Parson and Roger C Prince and Richard Sayre},
  journal={Science},
  year={2011},
  volume={332},
  pages={805 - 809}
}
Comparing photosynthetic and photovoltaic efficiencies is not a simple issue. Although both processes harvest the energy in sunlight, they operate in distinctly different ways and produce different types of products: biomass or chemical fuels in the case of natural photosynthesis and nonstored electrical current in the case of photovoltaics. In order to find common ground for evaluating energy-conversion efficiency, we compare natural photosynthesis with present technologies for photovoltaic… Expand
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