Comparing Exemplar- and Rule-Based Theories of Categorization

@article{Rouder2006ComparingEA,
  title={Comparing Exemplar- and Rule-Based Theories of Categorization},
  author={Jeffrey N. Rouder and Roger Ratcliff},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={15},
  pages={13 - 9}
}
We address whether human categorization behavior is based on abstracted rules or stored exemplars. Although predictions of both theories often mimic each other in many designs, they can be differentiated. Experimental data reviewed does not support either theory exclusively. We find participants use rules when the stimuli are confusable and exemplars when they are distinct. By drawing on the distinction between simple stimuli (such as lines of various lengths) and complex ones (such as words… Expand

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