Comparing Apples to Oranges: Differences in Women’s and Men’s Incarceration and Sentencing Outcomes

@article{Butcher2017ComparingAT,
  title={Comparing Apples to Oranges: Differences in Women’s and Men’s Incarceration and Sentencing Outcomes},
  author={Kristin F. Butcher and Kyung Hea Park and Anne Morrison Piehl},
  journal={Journal of Labor Economics},
  year={2017},
  volume={35},
  pages={S201 - S234}
}
Using detailed administrative records, we find that, on average, women receive lighter sentences in comparison with men along both extensive and intensive margins. Using parametric and semiparametric decomposition methods, roughly 30% of the gender differences in incarceration cannot be explained by the observed criminal characteristics of offense and offender. We also find evidence of considerable heterogeneity across judges in their treatment of female and male offenders. There is little… 
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