Comparative toxicities of coal- and shale-derived crude oils and a petroleum-derived fuel oil to the freshwater snails Helisoma trivolvis and Physa gyrina

@inproceedings{Millemann1984ComparativeTO,
  title={Comparative toxicities of coal- and shale-derived crude oils and a petroleum-derived fuel oil to the freshwater snails Helisoma trivolvis and Physa gyrina},
  author={Raymond E. Millemann and Santa J. Tumminia and J. L. Garc{\'i}a-Trevijano Forte and Karen L. Daniels},
  year={1984}
}
Abstract The water-soluble fractions (WSFs) of coal- and shale-derived crude oils and a No. 2 diesel fuel oil were tested for acute and chronic toxicity to the pulmonate snails Physa gyrina and Helisoma trivolvis . The 48-h LC 50 s (WSF dilutions that killed 50% of the animals in 48 h) of coal oil WSF and shale oil WSF for adult H. trivolvis were 5·4% and 16%, respectively, and for adult P. gyrina they were 3% and 3·6%. Full-strength diesel fuel oil WSF did not kill adult snails of either… CONTINUE READING

Citations

Publications citing this paper.

The Fate and Effects of Oil in Freshwater

  • Springer Netherlands
  • 1989
VIEW 6 EXCERPTS
CITES BACKGROUND
HIGHLY INFLUENCED

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…