OBJECTIVE To in vitro compare the induction of extracts of Stellera chamaejasme ESC, ESC-1 and ESC-2 on NCI-H157 cell apoptotic. METHOD The apoptosis rate was inspected by flow cytometry; caspase-3, 8, 9 activities was measured by spectrophotometry. Fas, Fas-L, TNF-alpha, Trail-R, Cyto-C, Smac/diablo protein expressions of apoptosis pathway was observed by Elisa method. RESULT Compared with the control group, ESC, ESC-1, ESC-2 can significantly improve the apoptosis rate of NCI-H157 cell. ESC significantly improved cells caspase-3, 8 activity, ESC-2 can significantly improve the activity of caspase-3, 8, 9. ESC, ESC-1, ESC-2 significantly increased Fas expression and ESC significantly increased Fas/Fas-L ratio. ESC, ESC-1, ESC-2 significantly increased TNF-alpha protein expression. ESC-1 significantly lowered TRAIL-R expression. ESC, ESC-1, ESC-2 had no significant effect on Cyto-C. ESC-1, ESC-2 significantly reduced Smac protein expression. CONCLUSION The apoptotic effect induced by ESCs may be related to the regulation of death receptor pathway proteins. Induction mechanisms of ESCs were so complicated that it may have a two-way regulatory effect. Its induction in apoptosis is a result from comprehensive regulation and control.