Comparative mobilization of lead by chelating agents.


The relative abilities of approximately 20 chelating agents to act as antagonists for acute and chronic lead poisoning have been examined in the mouse. The acute LD50 for lead acetate trihydrate was determined and found to be 135.3 mg Pb/kg for i.p. injection with a 95% confidence interval of 87.1-210.3 mg Pb/kg. The relative efficacy of chelating agents to reduce liver, kidney, spleen, bone and brain levels of lead was determined. The movement of lead from the liver to the bone was followed during the first 7 days post injection and was found to result in appreciable changes in the lead levels of these organs from day to day during this entire period. Of the compounds examined, the ones which were most effective in mobilizing lead under various conditions included meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA), sodium 2,3-dimercaptopropane-1-sulfonate (DPMS), disodium calcium ethylene-diaminetetraacetate (Na2CaEDTA), trisodium zinc triethylenetetraminehexa-acetate, dicalcium ethylenediaminetetra(methylenephosphonate) (Ca2EDTPO) and diethyl dimercaptosuccinate (DEMSA) and 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanol (BAL).

Cite this paper

@article{Xu1988ComparativeMO, title={Comparative mobilization of lead by chelating agents.}, author={Zheng Xu and Marie M Jones}, journal={Toxicology}, year={1988}, volume={53 2-3}, pages={277-88} }